Pakistan’s capital, Islamabad, is situated on five major fault lines and is near the convergence of the Arabian and Iranian micro-plates, making it highly prone to large earthquakes. But the problem doesn’t stop at the capital’s borders: Two-thirds of Pakistan rests on fault lines, making the country particularly susceptible to violent tremors, which can also affect nearby India and Nepal.
A 2005 quake in Kashmir, Pakistan, with a magnitude of 7.6, left an estimated 4 million people homeless. It may also have begun a sequence of events in which future quakes will release seismic stress along different parts of the fault. One or more of the seismic gaps might be ready to burst, particularly in the Himalayan region, where underground pressure is accumulating.