"Living Library" of Fruit Plants May Fall to Russian Bulldozers

By Andrew Moseman | August 12, 2010 1:35 pm

VavilovThe Pavlovsk Experimental Station, near St. Petersburg, Russia, was founded in the 1920s. About 90 percent of the plants grown there occur nowhere else, making the collection an island of agricultural biodiversity. And the station soon may be knocked over to make way for a housing development.

The station’s operators at the Vavilov Institute of Plant Industry lost a court ruling this week, so the land upon which all those plants sit will be given to the Russian Housing Development Foundation. The plant scientists bought themselves an extra month with an instant appeal, but the situation looks grim.

“We expected to lose,” agrees Cary Fowler, executive director of the Global Crop Diversity Trust in Rome, who has spent months campaigning against the station’s destruction. “Our real hope lies with President Medvedev and Prime Minister Putin, who could both override the decision of the courts. At least the higher appeal will give us time to mobilize more people and hopefully get through the gates of the Kremlin,” he adds [Nature].

Pavlovsk station is home to more than 5,000 different varieties of plants, including kinds of berry, cherry, and pear that exist no place else. But with Folwer’s hopes for the station’s salvation dimming, the pertinent question seems to be: Why not just move?

The problem, he says, is that we’re talking about whole plants and not just seeds. Fowler says the plants in the collection are difficult to grow and can’t be stored in a seed bank, like the famous one now operating in the Svalbard Islands of Norway that stores the seeds of important crops in case of Armageddon. Workers would have to uproot the plants, and Fowler says there’s no other suitable location in Russia, so the station’s keepers would have to try to move their collection abroad—if that’s even possible.

Most of the unique fruit plant strains do not reproduce asexually, and are pollinated by other strains, so their seeds do not necessarily yield adult plants that mirror the characteristics of the parent plant…. “It’s a valuable and unique collection of strains, and its loss would be a serious blow to agriculture,” agreed Peter Raven, director of the Missouri Botanical Garden [The Scientist].

Expect the Pavlovsk scientists to keep up the fight as long as they can: They have a history of taking their plants personally.

The Pavlovsk facility earned a special place in Russian history during the World War II siege of the city, then called Leningrad, when 12 scientists chose to starve to death rather than eat the precious seeds [Los Angeles Times].

Related Content:
DISCOVER: The Numbers on Seeds, From the Largest to the Oldest to the Safest
DISCOVER: The “Doomsday Vault” Stores Seeds for a Global Agricultural Reboot
DISCOVER: The Banks That Prevent–Rather Than Cause–Global Crises
DISCOVER: Beautiful Images of Strange Fruits (photo gallery)
80beats: “Methuselah Seed” Sprouts After 2,000 Years

Image: Wikimedia Commons (N.I. Vavilov, institute founder)

CATEGORIZED UNDER: Living World
  • http://Untitledvanityproject.blogspot.com Rhacodactylus

    This is one of those things that 100 years from now people will be saying “how did they let that happen?”

  • Idlewilde

    Is there anything we can do? Can we sign a petition or something?

  • http://discovermagazine.com Andrew Moseman

    @Idlewilde Fowler is trying to get people to tweet or write letters to the Kremlin. See: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/cary-fowler/kremlinrussia-stop-the-de_b_659123.html

  • Nemesis

    I’d be ashamed to live there.

  • MNiceLady

    Time for a plant sale

  • http://sep.stanford.edu/sep/jon/ Jon Claerbout

    Suggest to them that they move a few miles to Finland.

  • Brian Too

    With respect, the guardians of Pavlovsk station may be going about this the wrong way.

    Russians are particularly proud. The administrators and horticulturists might get farther with the line “…we agree with this land use decision. Of course the station’s work is important and must continue. We have several offers of new sites under consideration, including Georgia, China, the US, Germany, Dubai, Brazil…”

    I bet that would get some attention in the Motherland!

  • mo

    Bet the $$! spent on the 40 move rubiks cube program would’ve at least yielded a fruit salad.

  • Michael Fish

    Nothing like real estate speculators to diminish humanity. Look for the corrupt political connections.

  • http://action.fooddemocracynow.org/cms/thanks/save_the_worlds_first_seed_bank_act_now?action_id=477705&akid=178.102096.i0ywDF&rd=1&taf=1 monsatano
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