How Stephen Hawking Has Survived to Age 70

By Veronique Greenwood | January 9, 2012 1:04 pm

hawking

Party hats out, everyone! Stephen Hawking turned 70 years old yesterday, 49 years after being told he had fewer than four left to live.

The Cambridge professor suffers from a motor neuron disease related to Lou Gehrig’s disease that has gradually taken from him his ability to move, feed himself, and speak, except through a synthesizer that he operates using a cheek muscle (unfortunately, his control of that muscle is also fading). But despite these handicaps, he has survived to an incredible ripe old age—the average for an Englishman is currently 77.2—and has continued his work as a cosmologist and physicist throughout. How has he managed to live so much longer than expected? Katherine Harmon at Scientific American asked neurologist Leo McClusky, who specializes in such diseases:

One thing that is highlighted by this man’s course is that this is an incredibly variable disorder in many ways. On average people live two to three years after diagnosis. But that means that half the people live longer, and there are people who live for a long, long time.

Life expectancy turns on two things: the motor neurons running the diaphragm—the breathing muscles. So the common way people die is of respiratory failure. And the other thing is the deterioration of swallowing muscles, and that can lead to malnutrition and dehydration. If you don’t have these two things, you could potentially live for a long time—even though you’re getting worse. What’s happened to him is just astounding. He’s certainly an outlier.

An outlier, of course, in more ways than one. Happy birthday, Professor Hawking.

Read more at Scientific American.


Image courtesy of Doug Wheller / Wikimedia Commons

  • Messier Tidy Upper

    Belated ‘Happy Birthday’ to Stephen Hawking – a great mind and a great survivor. :-)

  • Dave C.

    Thanks to God that Dr. Hawking has been around to inspire and educate us with his insights.

  • Estelle

    Please keep me posted on recoveries and the process folloerd By Stephen Hawkins . I have recently been diagnosed with Mnd. and will like to rec insperational info on recovery processes.

NEW ON DISCOVER
OPEN
CITIZEN SCIENCE
ADVERTISEMENT

Discover's Newsletter

Sign up to get the latest science news delivered weekly right to your inbox!

80beats

80beats is DISCOVER's news aggregator, weaving together the choicest tidbits from the best articles covering the day's most compelling topics.
ADVERTISEMENT

See More

ADVERTISEMENT
Collapse bottom bar
+

Login to your Account

X
E-mail address:
Password:
Remember me
Forgot your password?
No problem. Click here to have it e-mailed to you.

Not Registered Yet?

Register now for FREE. Registration only takes a few minutes to complete. Register now »