Brain Connections Contribute to Our Unique Personalities

By Breanna Draxler | February 7, 2013 10:30 am

Brain differences between the 23 participants were quantified at each surface vertex. Values below the global mean are shown in cool colors while values above this average are shown in warm colors. Image courtesy of Sophia Mueller et al.

Every person thinks and acts a little differently than the other 7 billion on the planet. Scientists now say that variations in brain connections account for much of this individuality, and they’ve narrowed it down to a few specific regions of the brain. This might help us better understand the evolution of the human brain as well as its development in individuals.

Each human brain has a unique connectome—the network of neural pathways that tie all of its parts together. Like a fingerprint, every person’s connectome is unique. To find out where these individual connectomes differed the most, researchers used an MRI scanning technique to take cross-sectional pictures of 23 people’s brains at rest.

Researchers found very little variation in the areas of the participants’ brains responsible for basic senses and motor skills. It’s a pretty straight shot from the finger to the part of the brain that registers touch, for example, or from the eye to the vision center. Thus we apparently all sense the world in more or less the same way.

The real variety arose in the parts of the brain associated with personality, like the frontoparietal lobe. This multipurpose area in the brain curates sensory data into complex thoughts, feelings or actions and allows us to interpret the things we sense (i.e., we recognize a red, round object as an apple). Because there are many ways to get from sensation to reaction, and many different ways to react to what we sense, each individual’s brain blazes its own paths.

Genes and environment both contribute, but environment is especially powerful in development of the frontoparietal lobe (more so than other brain areas). Thus, the complex areas of our brains are more plastic than the rest, allowing our environment to play a larger role in shaping our personalities.

The areas of the brain that showed the most variation between individuals were also the ones most recently subjected to evolutionary pressures, according to the study published Wednesday in Neuron. Human and monkey brains are most divergent at these same brain locales that have the most interpersonal differences. That makes sense since these are also the areas responsible for high-level cognitive functions like language and reasoning. So, if human evolution continues in the same direction, it means our individual brains will become even more unique.

CATEGORIZED UNDER: Mind & Brain, Top Posts
  • http://www.facebook.com/jasondberk Jason Berk

    Interesting. Thank you.

    As I understand it, evolution doesn’t work that way. Selection pressures have changed drastically since the industrial revolution and the nanny state.

  • JazzZyx

    Here’s an idea … map your personality with MRI, then knit a hat to match your personality and wear it to the local pick-up bar – could put online dating out of business!

  • http://www.facebook.com/kevin.moore.986 Kevin Moore

    Isn’t how our brain wired entirely who we are? What else would it be? Didn’t think it was a mystery..

  • Zachary Stansfield

    There’s a few points that aren’t very clear about this post. Which scientists say that “variations in brain connections account for much of this individuality”, how do they define this connectivity (e.g. is it the sort of connectivity we can measure using fMRI?), what evidence do they provide (apart from conjecture, e.g. Sebastian Seung) and how are the broad swaths of cortex identified in this study a “few specific regions of the brain”?

    This particular paper doesn’t allow us to draw many of the conclusions noted in this blog post. For example, minimal inter-individual variability in resting state connectivity within sensory cortex is not strong evidence of highly similar sensory percepts. The converse claim, that high variability (in resting connectivity) within diverse regions of parietal and frontal cortex indicates evidence of variability in personality is also not supported by this study. Even if these researchers had correlated this measure of variability with variability in personality scores, the sample size would be far too small for reliable statistical results to be drawn.

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