Leopard versus crocodile

By Phil Plait | July 22, 2008 4:00 pm

I love crocodiles. They scare the crap out of me on a visceral level, so I’m fascinated by them. I mean, c’mon: they fit the definition of "monster".

In Africa, it’s been known that a croc can take down a leopard — even a leopard can’t outrun the blinding speed of a croc’s jaws — but now, for the first time, evidently, photos have been taken of a leopard taking down a croc!

Photographer Hal Brindley got the shots, and they are very, very cool… well worth a look. He even put up a video:

Whoa. But the picture sequence is more complete. It gave me chills.

CATEGORIZED UNDER: Cool stuff

Comments (53)

  1. Russ

    Phil…c’mon, I know they are closing several starbucks, but still, you need your coffee.

  2. That’s not a cheetah, it’s a leopard. Cheetahs are leaner and their spots aren’t void in the center as this animal’s.

    Leopards are also much, much stronger than cheetahs. They commonly pull their prey up to the trees to defend them from lions and hienas. Heavy prey, I mean.

  3. Steve Irwin lives! (As a Cheetah/Leopard/big cat!)

  4. Max Fagin

    Isn’t that a leopard?

  5. Jonas E

    Heh, Phil. You clearly are an astronomer, not a zoologist ;-)

    Cheetah:
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cheetah

    Leopard:
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leopard

    Note the tail, especially. Leopards are much bigger and stronger than cheetahs. I believe taking down a crocodile is impossible for a cheetah, while merely being very impressive bordering on the suicidal for a leopard.

    BTW, I think I will go tell PZ Myers of your mistake.

    Bwahahahaha!!!!!111!!!
    ;-)

  6. infidel

    Not only is that a leopard, but it isn’t even a very big croc, as far as crocs go.

    And a cheetah could SO outrun a croc, unless maybe those jaws snapped up out of a water hole.

    Not long ago there were photos of a python that escaped somewhere in Florida and swallowed an alligator which then clawed its way out of the python. Ultimately both died

  7. Cusp

    It’s ain’t a cheetah!!!!

  8. Cusp

    (ps – I’m sure Phil is reliving the Wales/England nightmare all over again)

  9. NHR

    Yeah, that’s a leopard all right. Cheetah is a totally different beast. C’moooon, Phil, it’s like talkin’ ’bout red giants, when you really mean red dwarves, or something like that… :D

  10. Jose

    In case anybody never saw the Battle at Kruger, here’s the link.
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LU8DDYz68kM
    It’s 8 insane minutes.

  11. Jose

    Relax about the whole leopard thing. Phil is just checking to see if you’re alert.

  12. Leopard gets my vote too. Rosettes not spots… :D

  13. Electro

    Zzzz… Snork!! Huh Wha?… AAHHHH!!!! A CHEETAH

    Oh whew!! its only a leopard.

    I doubt the taxonomy mattered to the croc though, it was probably just confused as to why this spotted wildebeest refused be lunch.

  14. Looks like my cat when he gets pissed at someone. Except that my cat is a cheetah, and this is clearly a leopard. :-P

  15. Yes, yes, it’s a leopard. The embedded video in the RSS feed is your black holes one from earlier.

  16. hey, has anyone told you yet that it was actually a leopard?
    ;)

  17. Heh. I wrote this pretty late last night and scheduled it to go up today. I somehow missed the fact that the site itself calls this a leopard. Oh well, it’s fixed. Thanks folks!

  18. Jose

    I’m not convinced it’s a leopard yet. It could be a tiny, self conscious lion that’s had some work done.

  19. Jose
  20. Daffy

    Um…the word anal leaps to mind here. I mean, IT’S AN AMAZING SERIES OF PHOTOS, people!

  21. The battle at Kruger was awesome! I saw that awhile back!

    Here’s the accompanying music video:
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=htLqcw8qgqk

  22. When I first saw the headline in the RSS reader I thought you were reviewing a new operating system from Apple.

  23. You mean, “AN AMAZING SERIES OF PHOTOS… ABOUT A LEOPARD,” right, Daffy?

    ^_^;;

    Leopards are teh cool. I like how the croc is visible in a series of five or six of the pictures going like, “Oh. Oh! You’re a carnivore too, huh? How about we let this one slip, eh? As a professional courtesy? Before I bleed to death? Please?”

  24. Wickedly cool. But really, I’ve seen teh Steve Irwin take on crocs this size. Can’t say as I’ve seen teh Steve take on a full grown leopard…

  25. Electro

    This thread should be forwarded to Steve Pastis at “Pearls Before Swine”,

    I’d love to see his take on it.

  26. What a teeny croc. Neat shots though. Really really hard to get shots of leopards doing anything but sitting in a tree. Hal Brindley you are one lucky son of a gun. If I hadn’t seen the pictures it would’ve been hard to convince me that a leopard could kill a croc but, again, it was teeeny weeny. I saw one sunning itself on the Mara River in Kenya and it was all of 4 or 5 metres – possibly more. We were able to get out of the 4WD and look over the river bank and directly below us, about 3 or 4 metres below, was this huge croc. I’ve never been more nervous taking photos and video.

  27. Crudely Wrott

    Now THAT is a YO! Kitty!

    A YO! Kitty is the kind of a cat that when you see what it can do you go, “YO! Kitty!”

    Not all YO! Kitties are leopards, but any given leopard is most likely a YO! Kitty. In this case the YO! Kitty is a leopard.

    I used to know this one cat . . .

  28. Brenda M. Shaw

    The leopard’s classic killing move of biting the windpipe is probably the slowest way to kill a croc… they can hold their breath for a long time. It’s like trying to outstare a snake and then realising it has no eyelids.

  29. NHR

    At first I thought of that Tarzan’s ape, why was he (or she?) called Cheetah anyway? Or was it “Cheeta”, without the “h” in the end? Sounds the same to me, though…

  30. Daffy

    “Oh. Oh! You’re a carnivore too, huh? How about we let this one slip, eh? As a professional courtesy? Before I bleed to death? Please?”

    LOL!

  31. Derek

    I agree, no matter what name you give the cat, that is one hard core sequence of images. For a wildlife photographer, it’s got to be as cool as the image of Saturn’s rings backlit by the sun.

    Now I’ve seen this posted here in my favorite astronomy blog as well as my favorite political blog– people have really taken notice of this photographer’s good fortune to be in the right place at the right time.

    Nature science is cool, from Astronomy to Zoology.

  32. Francois

    Very cool. Thats a tiny croc though.

  33. madge

    Don’t let Dinger see those pics….might give her ideas then where would Canis Minor be? :)

  34. bassmanpete

    My initial attempt with html didn’t work for some reason I haven’t fathomed yet so here’s my comment again with a direct link:

    Took this photo of a croc in the Mowbray River near Port Douglas, Queensland in May this year.

    http://i215.photobucket.com/albums/cc94/bassmanpedro/P5160040Medium.jpg

    A couple of locals with me said it was 4 metres, I reckoned it was “only” 3, but I didn’t argue with them – I didn’t go for a swim either!!

  35. ancelmo luiz graceli

    THEORY Of UNIVERSE FLUXONÁRIO ESTRUTURANTE From the DENSE SPACE, and
    THEORY Of the ENERGETICIDADE and MASER.

    Author – Ancelmo Graceli Luiz.

    Ancelmoluizgraceli@hotmail.com
    Tel. 27- 32167566 Street Itabira, nº 5, Itapemirim Set, Rose of the
    Penha, Cariacica, -269, E.S. cep.29143 Brazilian, professor,
    graduation in philosophy and theoretical researcher. Published books
    ASTRONOMY, and WORLD Of the PHYSICAL INTERACTIONS.

    Collaborator – Marcio Piter Rangel.

    Presented work the SECT- Spirit Brazil Saint. E the Brazilian Society
    of Physics. Introduction published in the WEB for the Vestibule Brazil
    Factor – Channel Profile. In day 30.01.2008. If other theories with
    beddings and you formulate had had acceptance, why these will not
    have? Therefore, it possesss all the beddings and all the forms of
    calculations, and that the reality and the comment until today reached
    are confirmed with. With more than one hundred and ten formulas, the
    most varied forms of if calculating one same phenomenon, with more
    than two hundred beddings in all the areas of the modern physics.
    Also, with new forecasts inside of cosmology and astronomy.

    Presented the Magazine of Education of the SBFISICA. Soced. Bras. de
    Física. Brazilian Journal of Physics – SBFISICA

    PRESENTATION.

    The theories defend the power vital the holy ghost and on cosmo, the
    life, the mind and everything more, against the mecanicismo and the
    materialism. With forceful beddings on possibilities of as everything
    it possesss an origin and an aiming for the power the holy ghost in
    route the life, the harmony, the perfection, the improvement and the
    eternity in detriment to the chaos and the end.

    In cosmology the universe is defended that if structure as a stream of
    production and destruction of astros. In astronomy it is defended that
    the movement is produced by the proper energy of astro. INTRODUCTION.

    THEORY Of the ORIGIN Of the SUBSTANCE And the COSMO, And UNIVERSE
    FLUXONÁRIO ESTRUTURANTE.

    This theory is the one that more is come close to the power of God.
    Therefore it goes against any form of chaos.

    OF THE ALMOST NOTHING EVERYTHING CAN APPEAR – EXCEPT GOD.

    The UNIVERSE Is An AUTO CREATION, HOWEVER, A WORKMANSHIP Of This
    TRANSPORT ALONE CAN HAVE the POWER Of the CREATOR.

    This theory goes of meeting to the harmony and cosmic eternity in
    detriment to the chaos and the finitude of the universe considered for
    the theory of the great explosion. While one enters in stream of
    disintegration and reintegration with little energy, others are born
    more distant from the aglutinação of the dense space.

    COSMO ESTRUTURANTE And DESINTEGRANTE.

    Graceliano Model. The universe is constant and infinite stream.

    First part.

    THEORY Of the BUBBLE OF DENSE SPACE And ENERGY.

    While in the theory of the great explosion the universe if expands
    from a point of the space and a small amount of energy, and is the one
    only – OF OUTSIDE FOR INSIDE – In the theory of the bubble universe if
    it contracts from the dense space to produce the substance and the
    energy of some points of the infinite of the space, in a constant
    production of new universes in some points of cosmo. Or either, it
    contracts itself to produce the substance stops later forming the
    astros and if expanding for the maser. E is some universes in infinite
    points of cosmo in infinite phases.

    Of birth in the phase bubble of dense space – phase estruturante-Na
    energy phase, In the phase of substance and the phase of
    disintegration, unfastening and removal in the space for the proper
    maser of the density of the substance. E reintegration forming
    secondary from the material radiated for the elementary school.

    PASSES FOR FORMATION Of the SUBSTANCE, ELEMENTS, ASTROS And The
    UNIVERSES.

    Thus, the dense space if contracts until to be filamentoso – the
    diffuse substance arrives – dense substance – energy – diffuse cores -
    astros – nuclear fusing – chemical elements – of light elements in
    weighed – maser – reengrupamentos in new astros, secondary – it comes
    back if to disintegrate – and the process continues until if becoming
    diffuse substance.

    COMMENT.

    We do not feel the action of the dense space because we are in a
    universe in a phase that

    already it was changedded into substance.

    FORMULA FOR CONTRACTION OF DENSE SPACE.

    The dense space if contracts and diminishes of size to produce the
    substance, and if it gives in a contraction and infinite reduction,
    that can be calculated with formulates of the infinitesimal limit. But
    one it has all left, divided for all, thus infinitely.

    Dense space ED – total part p dense space if structuralizing. Thus,
    infinitely, until changedding into energy and substance.

    ED – P/ED… until arriving to be energy and substance.

    Thus, we have the formula for formation of the substance, energy and
    for origin of the universe.

    INFINITE UNIVERSES IN PHASES ESTRUTURANTES And DESINTEGRANTES.

    FIRST THEORY Of the ORIGIN And NATURE Of the SUBSTANCE.

    It was always looked by the philosophers and Greek chemistries, later
    for the modern physics an explanation for the origin, nature and
    essence of the substance, where the world at times was divided in form
    and structure, spirit, mind and substance, therefore I show the first
    theory of that the substance can appear and of that it is formed, that
    here is of filaments of dense space, always looked to the substance
    for the substance and dividiz it infinitely of the atom of the Greeks
    until the hundred of particles that they are catalogued today. Comment
    - no theory displayed until today obtained to give a recital from that
    it originated the substance. All leave soon of the estimated one of
    something.

    CALCULATION OF FORMATION OF SUBSTANCE And FOR COSMO ESTRUTURANTE.

    To be able of contraction of the dense space = amount of dense
    space/cosmological time = estruturante substance and cosmo and phases.

    CALCULATION FOR COSMO DESINTEGRANTE.

    To be able of disintegration = amount of substance, temperature,
    fusing core to estelar, maser and energy/cosmological time.

    Pd*[qm ]/t c.

    DENSE SPACE And SUBSTANCE, And ENERGY And ASTROS.

    Universe not formed from great explosion, but yes of space dense,
    space dense is all space that in it surrounds them, that we have the
    notion that it is a great emptiness, but is not, it possesss density,
    and of it the substance and the energy if they had originated to form
    the first astros, galaxies and accumulations.

    ROTATION And TRANSLATION Of the UNIVERSE.

    The expansion is false, is in the truth a translation and rotation and
    a minimum of removal.

    What we have the notion of a great expansion of the universe is in the
    truth the translation and rotation of exactly. Therefore, if it is
    infinitely old and had started if to expand at the moment of supposed
    a great explosion, the astros would be so distant ones of the others
    that nor its light would be capable to be picked-up by any type of
    telescope.

    The FORMAT Of the UNIVERSE.

    The disposal of the galaxies in disks with the systems of stars also
    in disk test that the universe is a estruturação process and passes
    for streams, therefore had appeared at one alone moment in a great
    explosion the format of the universe would be spherical, or either
    with all the astros in one same distancia of a center, and as also
    with the same translation and rotation.

    Comment. Already we have here a recital of the origin and of that
    material cosmo if formed. Beddings not displayed until today for other
    theories.

    The ENERGY PRODUCES the MASER THAT PRODUCES the REMOVAL MINIMUM.

    It has yes a minimum removal proceeding from the action of the maser
    and high temperatures, removal produced for the processed energy for
    nuclear fusing in the inward of the astros.

    UNIVERSE OF ENERGY ESTRUTURANTE. OR UNIVERSE OF CONTRACTION And
    DISINTEGRATION.

    The universe passes for two processes – first of the formation of the
    substance and the energy for the contraction of the filaments of the
    dense space.

    As of the formation of the astros, its processes of energy and
    production of temperature to the ratio that the substance if
    agglutinates, with the agglutinated substance are produced great
    amount of energy and temperature, giving sprouting the maser and the
    consequent disintegration of astro in the space. For that the universe
    is a stream of estruturante energy, where first if it contracts stops
    later if disintegrating and if moving away ones from the others,
    always in lesser portions.

    It is A STREAM WHY IF I CONTRACTED OF DENSE SPACE UNTIL the SUBSTANCE,
    OF SUBSTANCE IN ASTRO, IF IT DISINTEGRATES IN MASER, IT COMES BACK the
    REINTEGRAR-SE IN LESSER ASTROS And WITH LITTLE DIÃMETRO And ENERGY,
    THAT DESINTEGRAR-SE COMES BACK. E STREAM CONTINUES INFINFINITAMENTE.
    UNTIL IF BECOMING DIFFUSE SUBSTANCE.

    The same process passes particles and atoms.

    The PRODUCTION Of SECONDARY For the MASER And the ATMOSPHERE.

    Part of the maser if also transforms into atmosphere, that always goes
    to direct for the equator, where goes to form cinturões of gases as
    it is the Jupiter case, or in a more advanced period of training the
    cinturões go to form rings that is the Saturn case and Uranus, of
    these rings go to form small accumulations of gases, that always more
    will go to agglutinate themselves more and, where will appear the
    first rarefied cores, and the aglutinação process continues, where
    the secondary ones start to appear exactly before if forming, as gases
    they already possess translation and rotation and if they move away
    from the elementary schools. Or either, before existing as astro the
    secondary one already develops its translation.

    TEST For FORMAT And DINÃMICA Of the ATMOSPHERE.

    This can be confirmed with the Land, where its atmosphere already less
    concentrates more in the equator and in the polar regions, proceeding
    from the magnetism of the Land and centrifuga action of the rotation,
    and that the atmosphere possesss proper dynamics. That it will be
    filamentará until arriving to give beginning to a new satellite.
    However this is not for today. The MAGNETISM Of the ELEMENTARY SCHOOL
    SPEEDS UP the FORMATION Of the SECONDARY One.

    If it was not the magnetism and the centrifuga action of the rotation
    of the astros, its secondary ones would delay time not to form
    themselves. Therefore the magnetism and action centrifugam act in the
    production of the filaments of gases for the equator and in the
    production of these filaments in the esferificação process, where
    rarefied cores will appear, until forming new astros.

    E the stream continues of disintegration of the elementary school for
    maser proceeding from the energy production, for the production of
    atmosphere and aglutinação in filaments for the magnetism and
    centrifuga action of the rotation of proper astro until arriving the
    esferificação, also through the magnetism of the gases.

    PHASES OF THE STREAM.

    1 – with the contraction of the filaments of the dense space to form
    the substance and after the produced substance if form in astros. With
    the formed astros they pass if to disintegrate as form of maser and
    temperature.

    2- the material of the disintegration comes back if to contract and to
    produce astros lesser, and of these other minors the process
    continues. This if confirms where the astros possess the spherical
    format. Therefore the rounding sample that had a slow process of
    formation through materials that had appeared of are for inside, where
    slowly for aglutinação astro was if structuralizing. They confirm
    because the cores are denser and the Land is formed by layers and
    cores.

    In the case of the production of the planets for the Sun, the
    atmosphere nor arrived if to form, and the maser was soon if
    filamentando to esferificar and to appear the planets.

    INFINITE UNIVERSE In the AGE, the SPACE, And the PROCESSING.

    The esferificação test that astro was produced by layers of material
    of maser for juxtaposition – one on the other, for that the cores are
    denser, that were already proven in the physics of the atom. E the
    rounding test that took much more time this circular formation, then
    the universe is a much more slow and constant process that if can
    imagine. Thus, the rounding of the universe proves the theory of the
    stream and that all the universe of today did not appear at one alone
    moment, they are some universes in some phases if processing and if
    structuralizing, while some age for lose and energy processing, others
    they appear for the dense space. These phases if confirm for the
    current comment, thus the universe are infinite in the origin and the
    end, the space and its processing.

    PHASES OF THE UNIVERSE. UNIVERSES BUBBLE ESTRUTURANTE And FLUXONÁRIO.

    1- Origin – universe bubble of dense space and bubble of energy. 2-
    Type – estruturante fluxonário, if contracts to produce the substance
    from the bubble of the dense space. Later if it after expands the
    contraction and production of energy, temperature and maser. 3- Form
    to exist – production processes energy. 4- Amount – some types in some
    phases, of the bubble until astro almost without energy. 5- Size -
    infinite in the production of new universes, the infinite in the space
    and the time. 6- Form – infinite and varied forms, of bubbles, gases,
    diffuse energy, dense and less dense substance, astros, rings, maser,
    atmosphere, etc. 7- estruturante of the substance and cosmo.

    MAGICAL CREATION – SUBSTANCE From The DENSE SPACE.

    Before if speaking of the creation of the universe, it must be spoken
    of the creation of the energy and the substance, therefore it was from
    the substance that appeared the astros.

    ROUNDING And ESFERIFICAÇÃO Of the ASTROS.

    The esferificação of astros the test that,

    1- It was formed for a slow process to have the spherical format, of
    the the opposite it would not be.

    2- It was formed of minimum parts that had been if joust locating to
    form astro, of the the opposite would not have the round formation.
    One sees that while Saturn and Uranus possesss rings of gases in the
    route of the equator, Jupiter it possesss an atmosphere stack that is
    in movement in the route of the equator, where if confirms the origin
    of the astros for components of the elementary school.

    3- the astros are older of the one than if it thinks. E its core is
    denser of the one than the exterior part, and the planet Land is
    formed by formed layers on.

    4- Fiz a calculation for the age of the Land, however was taken in
    account only the removal, and not it time for the esferificação,
    that probably was very bigger.

    5- Test that the universe has its origin through very small elements,
    that had been if joining to form the astros, as minimum parts of
    maser, gases, light and leftovers of great temperatures.

    6- the universe is had There if forming for minimum parts, as energy
    and substance, of inside for exterior part is with the cores denser
    than the crust -. A much more old, round and infinite universe in the
    end and origin time, the infinite in relation its production, then,
    that it would never appear at one alone moment in a great explosion.

    MASER IN THE FORMATION OF SECONDARY.

    Thus, with the format of the astros if it has plus a test of the
    theory of the estruturante fluxonário universe. For compression of
    the dense space, and disintegration for the maser and temperature, and
    a new compression of this maser in the space, forming new lesser
    astros, as planets, satellites and comets. E the estruturante and
    desintegrante process continues producing asteroids and others that
    will always be disintegrated producing astros and lesser asteroids.

    Universes alone of dense space, gases, energy, diffuse substance,
    substance exist and astros and gases, light and maser, with this if it
    confirms the theory here supported of that the universe does not have
    age, therefore it is an infinite production and disintegration of
    itself exactly. E while some disintegrate others in other points of
    the infinite of the space starts if to form slowly for the dense
    space.

    If cosmo was produced at one alone moment, the astros would not have a
    spherical form so defined, some would be long and flattened others.

    ON The DENSE SPACE, SUBSTANCE And ENERGY.

    The energy exists in function of the substance, since its production
    until its carrier also for air, therefore the substance contains and
    produze the energy, therefore the energy does not have as to exist
    without the substance, and the substance if originates and is
    densificado dense space.

    SUBSTANCE And ENERGY = DENSE SPACE DENSIFICADO.

    It does not have as to speak of a universe that if it originates from
    a small ball in a great explosion, therefore which the origin of this
    ball, and gives where came the energy for explodiz it.

    The great explosion contains varies contradictions and lack of origin
    beddings, cause and effect.

    INTERPLANETARY And SPACE ATMOSPHERE.

    The interplanetary space is constituted of gas to one [ pressure of
    ten raised to less 19 terrestrial atmospheres ]. That is a route that
    the space is not an emptiness without density, pressure, and is not a
    vacuum.

    PLEA. If the gravitation attracted the astros, all the satellites
    would be plumb between the planet and the Sun, therefore the planet
    would hold of a side and the Sun of another one, and would be
    constantly in eclipse. Therefore that the dynamics depends on the
    energy and maser of astro. To see theory of the energeticidade and
    maser.

    THUS WE HAVE THE PHASES OF THE UNIVERSE.

    The filamentosa space phase of density. The energy phase space
    filamentosa. The phase of the materiality – chemical atoms, and
    elements. The phase of immense astros, with little density, and little
    maser. The phase of the aglutinação, where the substance was if
    agglutinating, magnifying the internal temperature and the maser. The
    phase of the disintegration for the internal temperature and maser.
    The phase of formation of new astros for the aglutinação of the
    expelled material of the maser of the first astros, thus we see that
    it is a stream and process of integration, disintegration and new
    aglutinações.

    DIRECT FORMATION For The DENSE SPACE, And FORMATION OF SECONDARY For
    The FORMED SUBSTANCE ALREADY.

    The material that already became astro after does not come back to be
    dense space the disintegration, but this material if integrates
    forming new lesser astros.

    Thus it has two processes. 1- the process of direct formation for the
    dense space. 2- and the process for the disintegration of astro
    already produced, that it goes to reintegrate themselves and to form
    other minors.

    Thus, the dense space is an immense one all, as an immense jelly
    without definite form. The universe is a process of direct form for
    the dense space, and a cycle process, where some are disintegrated and
    part of its material goes to construct others. With this we see that
    the origin, production and time of the universe are infinite, and the
    system of production of universes is much more old of that if it
    imagines, in trillions of years.

    E that exists some types of universes, ones of dense space, field of
    energy without substance, field of energy with substance, universes of
    atomic cores, gases, substance and astros if disintegrating and
    integrating others.

    COSMIC EVOLUTION And EVOLUTION Of The CHEMICAL ELEMENTS.

    Thus, the universe is a constant production and of cosmic evolution,
    direct production and disintegration, and secondary production of
    integration in new astros, while the chemical elements go if
    processing and evolving.

    ON the REMOVAL.

    The universe did not suffer a great explosion to produce its removal,
    but yes, the removal is product of the maser, rotation and of the
    great temperatures, that stimulate the astros for front, modifying its
    orbit. Or either, the nuclear fusing, the production of temperature
    and maser produce the lowermost removal between the astros. For that
    it has a ratio enters the distancias of the planets and satellites.

    PLEA.

    If the universe had suffered to a great explosion alone the galaxies
    would be if moving away, and the lesser astros as planets, comets and
    satellites would not be if moving away, and the gradual removal proves
    that all the astros if find in removal ones in relation to the others,
    thus, all the astros if they find in removal proceeding from its
    energy, maser and external temperature.

    PLEA.

    APPEARANCE To the RED For the EFFECT DOPPLER For the ROTATION And
    TRANSLATION Of the COSMO.

    The front that the universe does not meet in expansion, but yes in
    minimum removal will be seen more, and what it is detected as
    appearance to the red nor it is this removal. Therefore it is
    insignificant in whom he refers to to the shift in the space, and what
    it gives the appearance to the red in Doppler effect is the shift of
    the translation and rotation of astros and galaxies in the space.

    REMOVAL FOR THE ACTION OF THE MASER.

    We see then that, the universe is a constant creation for filaments of
    dense space of new new substances and the cosmos for the aglutinação
    of the casting and reintegrated materials already, while other cosmos
    more evolved if disintegrates for maser and high temperature, other
    lesser astros if they integrate with the material of that already they
    had been disintegrated and that they go to develop a next orbit to
    that gave to origin and initial impulse to it, for the maser and
    intense temperature. Thus one forms a direct production for the dense
    space, and a production for cycle of disintegration and integration
    for the disintegrated material, while the chemical elements evolve. E,
    while the universe if widens for the maser produced for the proper
    astros. E not for supposed a great explosion, therefore the removal is
    a process continues for the action of the maser, therefore that it
    decreases gradually and the initial impulse only tends to lose
    intensity. While the material universe if expands, the universe of
    filaments of the dense space if contracts, or either, it has two
    reverse situations.

    The maser is proceeding mainly from the interactions of nuclear fusing
    in the inward of the astros. Or either, the same phenomenon – the
    maser – that it produces the orbit and the dynamics of the planets and
    satellites, also produces the widening of the universe and produces
    new astros, and is the producer of the structure of them, and of new
    chemical elements. One concludes thus, that cosmo is infinite in its
    origin and will be in its future, as also he is infinite in the space
    and the new production of the cosmos, and new chemical elements. The
    process of slow creation goes against the process of instantaneous
    creation considered by the great explosion. To prove the displayed
    thesis above it is simple, is alone to evidence that the expansion if
    finds in decreasing progression. However as already it was seen, the
    universe if finds in production and removal and not in expansion.
    Thus, while one is disintegrated and gone to produce others in other
    cantos of the universe the dense space if it processes giving to
    origin the galaxies of space gases. Thus, the universe is a process of
    direct birth for the dense space, of already been born, and birth of
    born others from already. Everything occurs for a direct hashing of
    the substance in the origin, is a fluxonária hashing in the
    production of new chemical elements, new astros and new orbits. Second
    part.

    ON the SUBSTANCE.

    M = ED = and/t – substance is equal the solidiquicado dense space,
    that is equal to the energy divided for the time.

    The substance is made solid energy dense space, or either, the
    chemical particles and elements are in the truth the dense space if
    processing energeticamente and producing solidification. E in a more
    advanced evolutivo period of training. Thus, the substance passes for
    a evolutivo process, and the substance – made solid energy dense space
    - always meets in an improvement, and passes for a slow and unified
    process therefore that all the substance and the structure of the atom
    are equal.

    PHASES OF FORMATION OF THE ASTROS.

    Our universe did not initiate lowermost previous to a great explosion,
    but yes, infinitely great, entering in a contraction to produce the
    substance, passing for made solid energy that is the substance, it
    stops later structuralizing itself in particles, elements chemical,
    and finally astros.

    Or either, the universe did not form astros instantaneamente,
    therefore that the astros and atoms possess cores.

    First it is formed energy, later the substance and finally the astros,
    different of that it defends the great explosion.

    Thus, the universe passes of the contraction. 1- of the space for
    energy and the substance. 2- of the substance for astros.

    After the disintegration through the maser and intense temperatures.
    It passes to the integration, where new astros are formed from the
    material of the maser. Thus, the universe and a stream of production
    cycles and estruturação and evolution, through. 1 – Contraction and
    solidification. 2 – Chemical evolution. 3 – Disintegration, removal
    and dynamics of the universe for the energy and maser. 4 – E
    integration in new astros.

    E that the orbit, the dynamics, the removal and the disintegration of
    the universe are proceeding from the energy and maser, becoming the
    universe of flattened structure, where the astros already are
    structuralized and in gradual removal as he is ours, while others are
    to circulate and in formation through gases, and others with
    tentáculos as great galaxies.

    COSMOFÍSICA and ASTROPHYSICS.

    PRODUCER OF ITSELF.

    The universe is an alive and dynamic system of production and
    estruturação, where it produces its proper energy for its
    functioning, estruturação and dynamics, being that the energy
    magnifies to the ratio that goes carrying through its functioning, and
    is a stream system, where the same interaction that produces the
    elements chemical, produces the astros for fusing. E also produces
    fields, maser, high temperatures, dynamics, orbits, structures of the
    astros, and the removal in the universe. Or either, it is a producer
    of itself, its structure and its functioning. Thus, it is a constant
    production of integration and disintegration.

    AGE OF THE UNIVERSE.

    With this, it can be deduced that the universe does not possess an
    origin determined in the time, much less in some place of the space,
    and it does not possess an origin determined in the estruturação of
    the substance and the astros that compose it. However, it has infinite
    age, therefore the dense space always was there and producing energy,
    substance, until arriving the astros.

    FORM OF BEING OF THE UNIVERSE

    Of contraction for the dense space. Of removal for the maser.
    Of aglutinação for the material of the maser.

    The universe passes for streams while it produces the chemical
    elements in the interactions of nuclear fusing in the center of the
    astros, where produces energy when processing the physical
    interactions and to produce its structure of astros, orbits and
    dynamics.

    ON the MOVEMENT

    If the related movement this with the maser, high
    temperatures, and physical interactions in the inward of the astros
    that are untied in the dense space to develop its dynamics. Soon the
    movement is natural and dynamic, and varies as the situations of
    energy production where if it finds astro. E if the dynamics obey a
    stream, then the movement is dynamic, disforme and variable.

    ON The DENSE SPACE.

    Dense space produces the substance, while the produced substance
    already produces the astros and the chemical elements go being casting
    in the secondary stars and.

    ON the SUBSTANCE

    The substance is filaments of the contracted dense space, that
    go to structuralize the chemical universe in substance, astros,
    elements, maser, high temperature, and in the dynamic auto universe.

    ON the COSMO

    The universe is auto dynamic and while it produces the energy
    the physical interactions go being processed, and the maser acting and
    spreading the substance, the astros are in dynamics for the proper
    energy and maser, the chemical elements evolve and if they improve,
    improving the substance and structuralizing the universe, cosmo if
    contracts for the dense space, and if it widens for the action of the
    maser, then the universe is alive and auto dynamic.

    ON the TIME

    The time does not exist, what it exists is the timer of the
    memory marked for the functioning of the brain as conscience form of
    that happens between intervals of events. We can consider the
    secondary time as something, that it exists in function of the
    functioning of the conscience produced for the functioning of the
    brain. The speed of the timer of the man is the speed of functioning
    of the human brain.

    ON the REMOVAL And WIDENING Of the COSMO.

    Thus, the dynamics of the universe is proceeding from the constant
    maser, therefore that its widening if finds in decreasing progression.
    E the astros had appeared of the aglutinação of the dense space,
    while the maser and the high temperatures disintegrate the astros.
    Soon in the future and this part and period of training of the
    universe where in we find them the astros will be more cold and
    lesser.

    Thus, the astros are untied and free in the space, and not imprisoned
    for presumptions fields, where the rotation of the galaxies is minor
    who the translation. While the substance appears of the dense space,
    where the astros are produced, others is formed in other points of the
    space, while the dynamics is common to all the astros and not only in
    the galaxies. Test of this we have in the solar system. With this we
    see that the widening is a constant production for the maser, and not
    for supposed a great explosion. Therefore the same phenomenon that
    produces the translation, rotation, orbits, also produces the
    widening, therefore that the removal is gradual decreasing, it grows
    gradually, however it has a percentage of decrease in the progression.

    The universe will tend if to waste and if to dilute in lesser astros,
    and with little energy, while in other parts it will initiate other
    universes with the material of the dense space. The universe possesss
    three basic forms of production 1 – structural, that it produces the
    substance and of the form, 2-other of action who gives to life the
    substance, that is the physical interactions, energy and maser in the
    inward of the astros. 3 – of production of new astros and chemical
    elements.

    ON the FORMATION And AGE Of the ASTROS Of The SOLAR SYSTEM

    It is confirmed that the asteroids are not perfectly round,
    therefore in its majority are a little flattened and prolongated. One
    confirms that they are resulted of expelled tablets of material of
    some planet or the Sun, being masses inteiriça and produced of one
    alone moment, while planets and satellites are astros round, where if
    confirms that it had a slow formation of overlapping of components of
    its elementary schools expelled for masers. This if confirms that the
    spherical ones had taken more time to form themselves, and confirms
    the displayed theory here.

    Third part.

    COSMOFÍSICA OF INTERACTIONS And ENERGY.

    The universe could not appear of a ball of energy or substance to blow
    up, therefore it would appear to the question, of where this ball
    appeared of substance, and how much time it was there before the
    explosion, and what it formed it.

    We see that the production of the substance and energy is a constant
    process of nuclear fusing, evolution of chemical elements and
    estruturação of new astros and galaxies in the space and other
    constant phenomena that form our slow universe. Soon, the universe is
    without beginning and end, in the time, the space, the materialization
    and production.

    The phase of the astrophysics and cosmofísica, that is of the
    production of energy, maser and of the disintegration for maser and
    the integration of material with little temperature in the space, and
    where the peripheral astros had appeared.

    If the universe had appeared of a great explosion the substance
    already would exist before the universe, and this not and possible of
    being, what we see in the truth is that the substance is part of a
    slow process, as the formation of the chemical elements is slow, as it
    is slow and constant the formation of the astros and the proper
    universe.

    One of the forceful tests of the slow formation of the universe and
    its beginning of is for inside if closing on itself until becoming
    materialized, and that the astros are constituted of layers with
    greaters and minors densities, some layers ones on the others, and a
    gradual cooling until the inward of the astros. Soon, the universe
    would not appear of a point, of inside for is.

    STRUCTURES IN LAYERS.

    Thus, the universe for being a slow process, and of is for inside and
    done of layers, evidences in the rotation and dynamics of Saturn
    rings, as also in the structure of the atom, and in the structure of
    the planet Land, or same in the atmosphere of the Land and Jupiter.
    The substance and the universe are made of are for inside for the
    dense space, and the astros also for the material of the maser.

    A great explosion would not give beginning to the universe, therefore
    it was itself the case already would exist before the explosion, and
    what he would produce the structure and the energy to blow up.

    The chemical elements also weighed are products of a slow process of
    formation.

    PHASES – SOME UNIVERSES.

    It has some universes. Of bubble of dense space, of energy of dense
    space, and of the free substance in the space, and of the substance
    estruturalizada in astros and the maser and high temperatures.

    The fields, atoms, astros and proper cosmo as a whole are determined
    by the energy and intensity of the physical interactions where they
    meet as also the orbits, dynamic of the astros and atoms. Exactly the
    evolution of the chemical elements and evolution of the substance and
    astros and cosmo as a whole is resulted of the intensity of the
    physical interactions and production of energy.

    The stars shine thanks to the spontaneous nuclear fusing in its cores,
    where light elements are transformed into chemical elements weighed.

    We see in the universe that while stars diminish others blossom
    everything this if it gives in a slow process of creation and hashing
    in new elements and new astros.

    With this cosmo if becomes the infinite in its origin and in the
    production, we see that it has some types of older universes ones,
    other new and other different ones, that it is created by a calm God,
    constructing the cosmos, beings and souls for the good.

    PLEA Of the EXPANSION.

    What it gives an appearance to have an immense expansion are the
    translation and the rotation of the galaxies, in the truth the
    translation is immensely bigger that the removal between the astros.

    If the astros were if moving away straight-line for the age proposal
    until from the universe, all the astros would be so distant here that
    would be impossible to see nor the Sun, the more the red of Doppler
    effect. One concludes that the universe is not in expansion, but yes
    in translation and rotation, and a minimum removal billions of lesser
    times of that any translation.

    All the galaxies are if opening as a sunflower, or either, if moving
    away from its center, and in translation and rotation therefore that
    we have a notion of an immense expansion, however that is an
    appearance of the effect of the translation and rotation of the
    galaxies, therefore of the the opposite they would be infinitely
    distant one of the others, being impossible to register its same
    position or any form of light, even though of the Sun. A time that
    possesss infinite origin and constant production.

    Therefore we have notion of that all are if distanciando of the Sun,
    therefore with rotation and translation effect Doppler for red is
    registered with big intensity, and that it gives an appearance of that
    the Sun is in the center of the universe, therefore the movement is
    translacional and rotational of that of removal.

    If the expansion was product of a great explosion the galaxies
    infinitely distant and already would be parked in the space. Thus, for
    being possible to detect the appearance of the galaxies and its
    dynamics, it evidences that the universe did not originate from a
    great explosion and nor the supposed expansion is product of a great
    explosion, then the universe is infinitely old, and its supposed
    expansion is origin and product of its maser, and is braked by the
    dense space. E has left of that we detect as expansion is the
    appearance of the translation and rotation of the galaxies.

    With the time for the formation of the substance, with the time of the
    evolution of the chemical elements, formation of the astros,
    esferficação of the external structure of the astros, if see that
    the universe is infinitely old, then if the supposed expansion is
    related to supposed a great explosion would not give to detect the
    existence of the galaxies in the space, therefore they would be
    infinitely distant.

    As also, of where the substance would appear to produce a great
    explosion.

    The origin of the substance for the dense space, evolution of the
    chemical elements, formation and esferificação almost that perfect
    of the astros, layers of atmosphere and structure of the astros and
    the existence of the galaxies it confirms the theory of the origin of
    the universe for the dense space, the production of the universe for
    the physical interactions and fusing. E the dynamics for the energy,
    impulse for the maser and the physical interactions, as also the
    cosmic brake of the dynamics of the astros for the dense space. Thus,
    the universe was not produced at one alone moment in a great explosion
    and also it does not meet in expansion, but yes in a minimum and
    insignificant removal, billions of lesser times of that any speed of
    translation and is easy to visualize.

    If the planet Neptune has as many kilometers of removal of the Sun and
    it it developed today until how many rollbacks around the Sun and with
    that speed. This calculation serves for any astro.

    CALCULATION OF REMOVAL OF THE UNIVERSE.

    Removal in km of the elementary school/number of rollbacks on the
    elementary school * arc of

    distancia in km of the translation = the approach value of one removal
    astro since the beginning of its formation.

    Example.

    The ray of the Sun until the Land has 150.000.000 of km, being that I
    circulate it in rollback it has 3,5 times approximately this ray, and
    that the Land already gave 1.000.000 of rollbacks more than, or
    either, to calculate the removal of the Land, have that

    Amaltéia satellite if evidences that it folloies with its translation
    the Jupiter rotation, as a son next to the mother.

    This in only comes to confirm them the displayed one until here, that
    the satellites if originate from filaments of gases of the atmosphere
    of the planets, and that the translation if originates together with
    the origin of the proper satellite, or same can be said that they
    before exactly of being one astro already meet in dynamics.

    The rotation of the elementary school espirala and condenses next to
    the equator the atmosphere, where of this espiralamento of gases goes
    to form new astros, that these gases already meet in translacional
    dynamics and variation and density in its form and structure.

    The gas that forms a spiral cinturão if processes and moves for one
    alone point next to the equator, for two reasons, magnetism of astro
    and centrifuga of rotation, where it goes to start to give beginning
    to a sphere, that is the esferificação process that will become in
    astro. To if forming it it will be distanciará giving condition other
    successive ones that they will come if to structuralize.

    Thus, the paths are,

    1-Formação of the atmosphere for the maser, and shift of this
    atmosphere on astro for the proper action of the maser.

    2-Espiralamento of the atmosphere for the rotation of astro and shift
    of the atmosphere, that if dislocates next to the equator.

    3-Esferificação of this spiral atmosphere with translation.

    4-A sphere beyond the translation and removal that already possuía,
    also passes if to distanciar of the elementary school that formed it.
    E the process continues, while astro if moves away and translada, also
    starts to produce its rotation.

    Therefore that amount of translation, removal and rotation depend on
    all energy in processing of astro, that it goes to produce all maser
    of astro in the space. E therefore that when aging all dynamics tends
    to diminish, therefore already spent almost everything that could.

    FREE DYNAMICS, PROPER And DECREASING For the ENERGY.

    One confirms that the dynamics is proper of astro and proportional its
    energy, and that the astros are free in the space, and this freedom
    and maser make with that they move away themselves from its elementary
    schools. Soon, if they move away themselves for maser cannot be
    attracted.

    CONCLUSION.

    COSMOFÍSICA.

    Considerações.

    Tests of that the universe is processes of infinite estruturação.

    What test that the universe if structure for a slow process is through
    the esferificação of the astros and that the land to be formed of
    core and layers, therefore test that the astros are formed of
    overlapping of small materials that had been expelled by others.
    Therefore if the universe was produced at one moment for a great
    explosion the land alone would be formed by a inteiriço tablet. With
    the esferificação and layers if test that the universe is billions
    of older times of the one than if it thinks today.

    E if is infinitely old and considering the speed and the appearance
    for the observed red, with this if it concludes that we would not see
    the sun and no star in the space, therefore the time that if finds in
    speed they would be infinitely distant, and would not be capable to
    observe none astro in the space.

    Considerações on a theory of cosmology and astronomy.

    A theory of cosmology and astronomy must be based on the general
    universe, of the origin of the substance, of particles, origin of the
    chemical elements and its estruturação, processing, and evolution,
    nuclear fusing of the astros, maser, temperature, estruturação and
    structure of the astros, the universe as a system in evolution in its
    constitution macro, generality and micron.

    What it is the universe. It is dense space, densificada substance,
    processes and structure, streams and evolution, without beginning and
    end.

    The structure of the dense space. As the gases that are light,
    invisible and they float the dense space is millions of times less
    densificado.

    False hypothesis of the great explosion. Everything before blowing up
    first has that to be formed of some element, or some structure of
    substance or dense space, then the hypothesis of the great explosion
    is false.

    On the cosmological time.

    The cosmological time is the time that represents the energy and
    processing in a system of astros.

    Cosmofísica.

    Universe of lowermost processes.

    What componhe and determines cosmo in its structure is its physical
    processes,

    production of particles and chemical elements and its evolution, in
    the cores where the fusing estelares happens, or either, the universe
    micron determines the macro and the generality, a system of galaxies
    alone goes to confide conforms the intensity of physical processes
    that are produced in the system. It will have chemical lights and
    forms and streams, components, fusing in agreement the general
    physical processing.

    Of the multiplicity of the universe.

    The universe is multiple, or either, is several in some periods of
    training of origin, processing, estruturação, stream and
    disintegration. It has origin for the density of the space that forms
    the substance, later the energy and during the process he forms the
    chemical elements and the astros.

    Of the stream of the universe.

    The universe if structure of are for inside [ for integration of the
    dense space ] after inside for are [ for disintegration of the
    substance ] for the processes and fusing of the substance and in the
    cores of the astros. It comes back if to reintegrate forming astros
    minors and with little energy, later if disintegrates in maser, and if
    it reintegrates in astro, and the stream and processes it continues
    until the substance if to become diffuse and with little energy.

    As example if it has of the dense space and the substance, of the
    substance to astro, the star that produces maser, that go to produce
    planets, that goes to produce maser and atmosphere, that goes to
    produce maser, rings and satellites, and the stream and estruturantes
    and desistruturantes processes continue infinitely until the diffuse
    substance.

    Where it takes the substance to evolve and to produce the elements
    chemical. Thus the universe is infinite and without definitive form.
    Thus, the universe if finds in contraction and internal widening, but
    not in expansion and yes in lowermost removal, if it finds in
    translation and rotation, estruturação, streams and evolution of its
    components. While some start its origin, others meet in streams and
    processes, while others already meet in the final phase that is in
    diffuse substance.

    Nuclear Cosmofísica. Nuclear fusing.

    The nuclear fusing of the stars keeps for a good time the temperature
    of the astros, with this it makes with that the universe if processes
    slowly, and can keep its stream and evolution of the substance and
    chemical elements and helps it transforms it light elements into
    heavy, and goes to produce the energy and dynamics of the astros, for
    that secondary the most distant ones possess dynamic little and the
    orbits are more irregular. Or either, satellites of planets, planets
    of stars.

    Thus, the universe and its stream and estruturação if must its
    production of energy, as also the evolution of the elements and the
    dynamics of the astros.

    The energy production goes to also determine the layers and
    esferificação of the astros. Not expansionista and not stationary
    universe. Thus one confirms that the universe if finds in lowermost
    removal and not in expansion, and it does not meet parked therefore
    possesss rotation, translation, streams, evolution and other
    phenomena.

    Evolutivo. One meets in evolution in its structure micron and macro,
    of the elements to the astros. E if eternalizes as substance with
    diffuse density. He is not arched and nor straight. Comment. The
    theory of the energeticidade and maser that deals with astronomy will
    be presented in another text. With more than one hundred and ten
    formulas proving the two theories, therefore use diameter, maser,
    temperature, rotation and equatorial speed. Distancia E not use mass
    or gravitation

  36. Dark Jaguar

    So leopards can kill crocs… I get the impression that what matters is who surprises who first.

    Have a tiger kill a shark now.

  37. Shoeshine Boy

    Dude! Mammals rule.

    @ancelmo: Go find yourself a peer reviewed publication somewhere.

  38. Gary Ansorge

    I love cats! Maybe because I can identify better with a predator than with prey. Besides, cats are SOOO languid, they move like water flowing. I just think they’re sexy.

    I live in Georgia and with GW moving the life zone north at the rate of about 5 miles per year(over the last forty or so)I expect gators will be camping on my door step in another decade or so. Good to know that leopards can keep them under control. I wonder if I could keep a panther(a black leopard) as a buddy, just to keep those pesky paleolithic critters at bay???

    GAry 7

  39. Ryan C

    @ancelmo luiz graceli:
    A link would suffice.
    Ignoring the crazy, and there is a lot of crazy involved – you might want to invest in a better translator.

  40. Jose

    For some reason, I find it funny that someone posted what must be their lifes work, and the next post begins So leopards can kill crocs…

  41. Naked Bunny with a Whip

    Oh good. When I saw the headline, I was afraid this would be another Mac-vs-PC thread.

  42. Steve P.

    Dayam Natcha, you scary!

  43. Quiet Desperation

    Not quite as good as “Planet Earth” where a pride of lionesses took down an elephant. There was also a snow leopard versus a mountain goat on a nearly vertical slope. I really should get the Blu-Ray of that series.

    Ultimate matchup: A three way battle with robot pirates versus cybernetic lesbian ninjas versus vampire/werewolf hybrids.

    It’s scary in my head.

  44. Lazze

    Not to brag (well maybe a little ;-) ), but I witnessed a leopard take down a warthog on Serengeti 8 years ago. I have the pictures on Flickr http://www.flickr.com/photos/96775010@N00/sets/72157606333027300/ for those interested.
    The leopard tried to drag the warthog up a tree in the last picture, but it failed – mostly due to the hyena pulling the other way…

  45. changcho

    Good set of pictures! The South American (Amazonian) version is the fact that jaguars can (in fact, routinely) catch alligators, but then again jaguars are more powerful than leopards (not as strong as lions, however).

    To Quiet Desperation: your post started well but then it went very weird…just sayin’

  46. Aleksei

    Seems like the leopard’s much much bigger than the croc. is it a baby croc? how would a leopard that size fare against a full-grown croc?

  47. AJWM

    Mammals: 1
    Reptiles: 0

    Yay, go mammals! ;-)

  48. Torbjörn Larsson, OM

    They scare the crap out of me on a visceral level, so I’m fascinated by them. I mean, c’mon: they fit the definition of “monster”.

    That is relative. For example, sharks can be scarier on a visceral level. Dinosaurs were once much more viscerally (or effectively) monstrous, yet crocs are further away on a phylogenetic tree than your cutest easter egg chick which actually is a modern day dinosaur.

    Effectively monstrous in the crocs usual environment would be hippos, right? IIRC they kill ~ 100 times as many humans every year.

    For some reason, I find it funny that someone posted what must be their lifes work, and the next post begins So leopards can kill crocs…

    Especially considering that it was croc. (But he killed it all by himself.)

  49. Lazze, I am so jealous. All we got to see, on the Serengeti and Masai Mara, when it comes to leopards were leopards hanging around in trees. Occasionally they’d flick their tale or shift positions. We did see a cheetah take down a gazelle and stacks of lions munching on wildebeests and zebras though. But leopards were the gold standard. Well, leopards and sand puppies.

  50. Lazze

    Shane, according to our guide, it was the first time he had ever seen anything like that, so it seems to be a pretty rare sight. But it was spectacular – made me forget all about food poisoning for a moment :-)

  51. Jockaira

    In all the foofoorah, Phil neglected to mention that an after-feast interview was granted by the leopard to the photographer (the croc was not available due to having been the feast).

    The leopard had only one cogent comment about the whole affair:

    “Mmm…good…tastes like chicken!”

  52. Its a leopard. Leopards have spots and rosettes without irregular black centers. Jaguars have spots and rosettes with irregular black centers. Cheetas have spots only. Also, a cats reflexes are generally faster than those of a reptile, including snakes. A leopard would not attempt to take down a large croc in water or on dry land. Congratulations to photographer for rare photos.

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