Engaging the public to tackle climate change

By Carolyn Graybeal | April 20, 2017 10:00 am

Public engagement is critical to address the challenges of climate change, a complex issue with environmental, social, political and economic ramifications. Common forms of public engagement include public events such as science festivals or café informal settings for experts to share their knowledge with the community. Or public policy forums where community members voice concerns to government representatives and other decision makers.

While useful, these approaches to public engagement maintain a separation between those with expertise and power and community members. This failure to tap into the knowledge and experience within the community is an unfortunate oversight. In reality, these so called ‘non-experts’ bring valuable insight with the potential to identify overlooked problems and generate novel and at times surprisingly simple solutions.

dreamstimefree_6337302Recognizing a need, groups like MIT’s Climate CoLab are providing opportunities for cooperative engagement and collective knowledge development. Based off of open collaborative systems like Wikipedia or Linux, the Climate CoLab team has created an online platform in which anyone is welcome to contribute ideas for combatting climate change challenges.

Each year, Climate CoLab holds contests on its website that focus on a sub-problem of climate change. These problems range from reducing transportation-related greenhouse emissions to addressing the needs of communities vulnerable to climate change, to devising ways to shift public opinion. Anyone with an idea can submit a proposal. Others can support a proposal by up-voting it, commenting on it or even joining the creator’s team. The project also has ongoing workspaces which people can contribute to year round.

Climate CoLab founder and MIT professor Thomas Malone thinks this open approach is particularly beneficial. “We believe this large-scale collaborative approach to problem-solving is important because climate change is such a complex societal challenge, requiring more expertise than any one person or organization could possess alone,” said Dr. Malone in a statement.

“The project brings together not only scientists and policymakers, but also businesspeople, non-profit professionals, students, and citizens at large. We hope that by drawing on the collective intelligence of thousands of people, we can achieve results that would not otherwise have been possible.”

The project has nearly 90,000 members from over 170 countries around the world. And the diversity of expertise has been a boon. A non-profit in India developed a foot-powered irrigation pump to help reduced small-scale farmers’ dependence on costly and polluting diesel. In Argentina, a group of undergraduates and their professors organized a campaign to encourage people to raise their air conditioner to 25°C (77°F) as simple a way to reduce energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions by as much as 194 megatons per year. In fact, this proposal generated so much support that the team had the opportunity to meet with the Argentinian president and the core concept of their proposal was adopted by the Argentinian government. You can read new coverage in Spanish here and here.

Climate CoLab’s Project Manager Laur Hesse Fisher explained the value of bringing in community expertise. “Having these different knowledge bases that come from different technical expertise is important. And technical doesn’t just mean technological,” says Fisher. “Especially when it comes to issues related to adaptation or social mobilization, local knowledge is very important.”

dreamstimefree_5981300Building on their success, Climate CoLab is moving towards a more integrated problem-solving design. In the current format, each contest addresses a separate issue or challenge. While many contests solicit proposals that address a specific sub-topic of the climate challenge, still  others look for combinations of proposals that can create integrated strategies or plans.

Also new, participants would be given the opportunity to craft proposals based of off other people’s proposals. Then, in theory, if each proposal were implemented together they would provide an integrated actionable strategy.

Efforts like Climate CoLab are key as research reveals the current methods of communicating the importance of climate change are unsuccessful. Moving forward, public engagement will be necessary to achieve the societal support required to make the behavioral changes needed to combat climate change. Platforms such as Climate CoLab are opportunities to increase transparency in how and why such change is important. By building a platform with lower the barriers to engagement hopefully more people with be inspired to get involved.

Want more citizen science? Check out SciStarter’s Project Finder! With 1100+ citizen science projects spanning every field of research, task and age group, there’s something for everyone!

  • https://sites.google.com/site/deanjackson60/home Dean Jackson

    “Engaging the public to tackle climate change”

    Allow me to translate…

    Agitating the public to weaken the West’s economies using fake science.

    What determines an atmospheric gas’ potential heat capacity? Anyone know? Anyone take high school physical science or physics? What physical feature of a gas determines what the gas is capable of ingesting regarding heat? Don’t remember? Does VOLUME ring a bell? Ahhh…volume! Yes, volume. So let’s take a look at the volumes of carbon dioxide, oxygen and nitrogen* …

    One pound of Carbon Dioxide has a volume of 8.7 cubic feet,

    Oxygen is at 12.1 cubic feet.

    Nitrogen is at 13.8 cubic feet

    With a smaller volume than either Nitrogen and Oxygen,
    Carbon Dioxide can only possess LESS heat than Nitrogen and Oxygen, and when more COOLER carbon dioxide is pumped into the Nitrogen-Oxygen based atmosphere (>99% of the atmosphere’s gasses), the result can only be a COOLING of the atmosphere.

    Now you have the science behind the blatant fraud that is ‘climate change’.

    So what is warming the planet, you ask? The heat obtained by both Nitrogen and Oxygen comes from thermals and latent heat from the surface, heat from man-made structures on the ground, and the heat produced by incoming radiation absorbed directly by the atmosphere, not solely from the absorption of outgoing IR. The warmth that blankets us each day is due to Nitrogen and Oxygen, not the puny amounts of the trace gas Carbon Dioxide, nor any of the other trace gasses.

    Regarding man-made structures on the ground, interestingly NASA’s ‘earth’s energy budget’ illustration fails to provide the data on the amount of solar radiation absorbed by those structures, and it is the massive growth of urban sprawl the last sixty years that accounts for the atmosphere’s warming, a warming that is being tempered by increasing amounts of Carbon Dioxide in the atmosphere.

    So who are these ‘climate change’ frauds, you ask? You’ll find their identity in my blog. Just click my name for the blog’s link.

    • ocschwar

      “What determines an atmospheric gas’ potential heat capacity? Anyone know? ”

      A simple experiment first conducted 150 years ago. you can MEASURE that.

      • https://sites.google.com/site/deanjackson60/home Dean Jackson

        “A simple experiment first conducted 150 years ago. you can MEASURE that.”

        What has laboratory experiments on solitary CO2 in a sealed glass container have to do with atmospheric N2 and O2 obtaining their greater heat capacities from thermals and latent heat?

    • ada welch

      “What the gas is capable of ingesting regarding heat” This phrase is nonsensical. Nothing in your comment is accurate.

      • https://sites.google.com/site/deanjackson60/home Dean Jackson

        “‘What the gas is capable of ingesting regarding heat’ This phrase is nonsensical. Nothing in your comment is accurate.”

        verb: ingest; 3rd person present: ingests; past tense: ingested; past participle: ingested; gerund or present participle: ingesting
        take (food, drink, or another substance) into the body by swallowing or absorbing it.
        consume, swallow, take in, eat, devour, imbibe, drink; More
        informalgobble up, wolf down, put away, down, inhale, scarf (down)
        “you may gargle with the solution but do not ingest it”
        absorb (information).
        “he spent his days ingesting the contents of the library”

        Oh look! Do I see “absorbing” being a synonym for ingest? I do!

        That being cleared up, which has more heat:

        A. Nitrogen

        B. Carbon Dioxide

        C. Oxygen

        Answer: Nitrogen, with Oxygen coming in close at second place, Carbon Dioxide way back at third place. If N2 and O2 weren’t holders of heat, then the Earth would be a rock like the Moon!

  • OWilson

    The accompanying photo looks like a screenshot from Orwell’s “1984”.

    All that’s missing are the pitchforks and torches! :)


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About Carolyn Graybeal

Carolyn Graybeal holds a PhD in neuroscience from Brown University. She is a former National Academies of Science Christine Mirzayan Science & Technology Policy Fellow during which time she worked with the Marian Koshland Science Museum. In addition the intricacies of the human brain, she is interested in the influence of education and mass media in society's understanding of science.


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