Facial Symmetry is Attractive, But Not Because It Indicates Health

By Brenda Poppy | August 12, 2014 6:00 pm


Symmetry is a beautiful thing — especially when it comes to potential partners. Studies have shown that people prefer symmetrical facial features in the opposite sex, which many scientists think evolved to help people choose the healthiest mate.

Yet a new large-scale study throws that into doubt, indicating that health during childhood has no impact on later facial symmetry.

Balanced is Beautiful

Current logic holds that symmetry is beautiful because it suggests a relatively healthy childhood, free from diseases that could take their toll on facial features, causing subtle asymmetry — diseases such as chicken pox, mumps, whooping cough or tonsillitis. This theory is often cited in evolutionary models of human mate choice. Psychologist Nicholas Pound, a senior lecturer at Brunel University London, decided to test this assumption.

While a number of other studies have been conducted on the topic, according to Pound, they generally used fairly small sample sizes, and either employed short-term measures of health or relied on people’s memories of their past health experiences. Pound and his team overcame both of these hurdles, utilizing in-depth health data from 4,732 teenagers.

A Healthy Method

The data, collected from British children as part of the ongoing Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children, were provided by each child’s primary care physician. Through a series of 12 questionnaires administered throughout each participant’s childhood, Pound and his team were able to get a clear look at their overall health, including any symptoms and infections they experienced, from stomach aches and rashes to influenza and scarlet fever.

In order to determine the degree of facial symmetry, the team acquired high-definition three-dimensional facial scans of each participant at age 15. Twenty-one separate facial landmarks were marked and measured, from which researchers were able to calculate an individual asymmetry score.

Why Symmetry

Their results were clear: Facial asymmetry in adolescents is in no way related to early childhood heath. Although asymmetry on a larger scale may be caused by “significant injuries, untreated infections and certain rare genetic disorders,” according to Pound, the subtle asymmetry of most people’s facial features has nothing to do with common diseases. The results were published today in the journal Proceedings of the Royal Society B.

The researchers suggest that our attraction to symmetry might be a byproduct of our sensitivity to these major asymmetries — or possibly just a reflection of our aesthetic appreciation of symmetry in art and nature.

Further research will therefore be needed to untangle the reasons for our attraction to symmetrical faces — but in the meantime we can rest assured that that childhood bout of chicken pox isn’t written all over our faces.


Image by Ariwasabi / Shutterstock

CATEGORIZED UNDER: Health & Medicine, top posts
  • CraigCraigCraig

    Now redo that study without modern medicine and with a greater hunter-gatherer lifestyle. I wonder if ancient lack of medicine might affect how minor incidents with face, teeth and eyes affect appearance.

  • Andrew McClellan

    “asymmetry on a larger scale may be caused by “significant injuries, untreated infections and certain rare genetic disorders,” according to Pound, the subtle asymmetry of most people’s facial features has nothing to do with common diseases.”

    that sounds to me as if looking for asymmetry would still serve as a reasonable method of deciding not to mate with an individual. it may not be on the same scale that was previously assumed, but it still seems valid

    • http://disqus.com Ricardo Sennin w the Finnegan

      Yeah true. Evolution isn’t perfect, if a major lack of symmetry means someone has bad genes, and good symmetry is more likely to mean they don’t then thinks would logically follow the path of symmetry=attractive

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  • sdlawrence

    To me facial symmetry (absence of any asymmetrical variations, even surficial) seems to suggest genetic stability, which in turn implies resistance to health problems, irrespective of health during childhood.

    • Lucas Haynes

      Mm… Seems to me that greater genetic variation would be more likely to cause asymmetrical features. Like mixing two different breeds of dog results in odd symmetry. And greater genetic diversity is shown to produce greater genetic stability.

      • sdlawrence

        My reference to variations was on a single given face, and genetic stability of an individual (and his/her line), not the whole of genetic variations in general. I do agree, however, that greater genetic variation is likely to cause more asymmetrical features. I interpret genetic diversity as a kind of a shotgun effect, where most individuals take one for the probabilistic team on the off chance that a few are going to hit an optimum combination for survival and thriving. Natural selection via preferences then kicks in and whatever works best (is preferred most) continues forward.

      • http://disqus.com Ricardo Sennin w the Finnegan

        2 breeds of dog yes, but if you keep mixing them wouldn’t they just got more and more symmetrical. Comparing the one that is mixed with 2 breeds and the one mixed with many. Symmetry would go hand in hand with genetic variation right?

  • http://disqus.com Ricardo Sennin w the Finnegan

    Not quite ‘all manner’ but I see where you were going with it. It’s still hard for some people to ‘pass on their genes’ lol. Natural selection is definitely still taking place

  • snucky

    I am sorry, but the sweeping generalizations in this study are a load of bull. Additionally, I believe that it unfairly pigeoholes individuals with aysemmetric faces. I was born with an aysemmetric face, and I have met others with a similar history. We are not anymore disease-ridden than anyone else. And I have been told repeatedly that my asymmetrical features make me beautiful. Do you have any idea how annoying it is to be asked by every doctor you meet if you have bell’s palsy? Childhood was not easy due to teasing! This study is obviously very flawed and should be taken with a grain of salt. And the discussion of Eugenics makes you sound like a bunch of Nazis!

    • Justin Schubert

      Sorry I was 3years late to this but no one was obviously trying to offend. The study is great to ponder on the attraction before our time, and how asymmetric or symmetric faces impacted relationships. However I believebmore hip bearing and wealthbof families had the most impact.

  • nanuu

    I’m surprised that no-one has touched what is obvious to me, is that since the beginning of humans on this earth, for thousands and thousands of years, in 99% of all cultures, empires, dynasties and kingdoms alike; men have chosen symmetrical women – and my theory is because they are more likely to produce beautiful offspring.
    Beautiful offspring in the many cultures, dynasties and the rest – are worth their weight in gold. (ok maybe not gold, but they are traded for flocks of sheep, land, shelter, and straight up wealth as they can be traded as a commodity and married into a family of riches..

    • Larisa

      Unfortunately, while all this is obvious it is not relevant. Our cultural history is very short in comparison to our biological history as a human species. The scientists are trying to discover the routs of our intrinsic inherited preference of symmetry which is not caused by any of our later cultural preferences but on the opposite is the bases of those cultural norms. They are looking for evolutionary reasons to develop such preference. Everything you’re talking about are only consequences of our evolutionary development which happened much earlier.

  • Diego Gonzalez

    Maybe people think they like symmetrical faces because of mainstream media. In media people on it are always symmetrical. So media programs us to prefer symmetrical faces over non-symmetrical ones.

  • http://gmail.com Adrian

    Is a Golden Ratio concept excluding a Pseudo Science? Please explain to me because i found a people who claim a Golden Ratio is a Pseudo Science but personally i believe the Golden Ratio concept isn’t a Pseudo Science at all.


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