What Stephen Hawking’s Final Paper Says (And Doesn’t Say)

By Nathaniel Scharping | March 20, 2018 4:51 pm
(Credit: Martin Hoscik/Shutterstock)

(Credit: Martin Hoscik/Shutterstock)

Before he died, renowned cosmologist Stephen Hawking submitted a paper, with co-author Thomas Hertog, to an as-yet-unknown journal. Hawking’s last known scientific writing, the paper deals with the concept of the multiverse and a theory known as cosmic inflation. Though the paper currently exists only in pre-print form, meaning it hasn’t completed the process of peer-review, it’s received a significant amount of coverage.  “Stephen Hawking’s last paper,” after all, does have a bit of a mythological ring to it.

Stephen Hawking wrote a lot of papers, though. Most dealt with the same sort of heady concepts as his last, and few received such an inordinate amount of attention. Claims that the paper make predictions for the end of universe, or could prove the multiverse exists abound. But it’s worth remembering that the things Hawking thought and wrote about are abstract, they exist largely in the realm of theory. Even more well-known concepts like Hawking radiation have continued to elude scientists, so drawing solid conclusions from any one paper is difficult.. Like many topics in theoretical physics, the ideas that Stephen Hawking pondered were so radical and far-out that we usually couldn’t even test them.

And even for one of the brightest minds of our time, the calculations are extremely complex. Hawking and Hertog describe their preliminary theory as a “toy model,” or one that significantly simplifies the real world to make the calculations easier. Such a model wouldn’t necessarily reflect the universe as we see it. No one said theoretical physics was easy.

Many Universes

Stephen Hawking’s last paper is titled “A Smooth Exit from Eternal Inflation?” It tackles the idea of a multiverse, a vast collection of universes that exist simultaneously, though they’re spread out almost unimaginably far from each other. Multiverses arose, the theory goes, because of something called inflation. In the fractions of a second after our universe emerged, space-time expanded at an immense rate. As it did so, tiny quantum fluctuations expanded to become the large-scale features of the universe we observe today, and which serve as evidence that the theory might be true.



Under a variation of the theory that Hawking and Hertog work with, called eternal inflation, this inflation continues forever in most places, but, in some patches, it stops. Where it stops, universes form — our own and others, in a repeating process that never ends. In these universes, the laws of physics all look different, meaning constants we take for granted like the speed of light would vary between them.

Eternal inflation creates an infinite number of patch universes, little bubble universes, all over the place with this inflating space between them,” says Will Kinney, a professor of physics at University at Buffalo College of Arts and Sciences.

But an infinite number of universes presents a problem to physicists. One of the most fundamental questions in science is why our universe looks the way it does. Why is the speed of light 186,282 miles per second? Determining the probability of our universe looking the way it does would help scientists get at the answer. Finding probabilities involving infinity is a useless exercise, though. What Hawking and Hertog have done, using a lot of complicated math, is to propose a way that we could define some boundaries on the kinds of universes that might exist.

It’s like you have a bath full of lots and lots and lots of different kinds of soap bubbles and each soap bubble is a different universe, and there’s a huge variety of different soap bubbles of different shapes,” says Clifford Johnson, a professor in the Physics and Astronomy Department at the University of Southern California. “And what this model is suggesting is a mechanism by which maybe the variety of soap bubbles that are available is not as large as was thought.”

In addition, these universes might look a little more like ours, according to Katie Mack, an assistant professor of physics at North Carolina State University.

“The prediction is for … a smaller number of universes and they would have more in common with each other,” she says. “You could draw more of a straight line between the early universe and what we see today.”

Bringing Clarity

If the kinds of universe that could possibly exist is finite, then scientists could begin to understand how and why our universe looks how it does today. Hawking’s paper does not tell us exactly what kind of universes might exist, nor does he definitively prove multiverse or cosmic inflation theories. As Kinney points out, Hawking and Hertog don’t even suggest any ways that we might be able to see evidence of the multiverse, meaning that their theory remains, for the moment, untestable.

The two rely on something called the holographic principle to conduct their work. It’s a way of reconciling quantum mechanics with gravity — the physics of the very large and the very small, as Mack, puts it. The holographic principle states that all of the information in a volume of space is contained in the boundary of the volume. In effect, it compresses a 3-D space into a 2-D space, and the end result is to make the calculations easier.

It’s something that many other researchers use in their work, and Johnson stresses that Hawking and Hertog’s paper, while intriguing, is simply another entry in the field.

“It’s two very good researchers adding a paper to the many very good papers that have been incrementally moving this framework of ideas,” Johnson says.

Hawking himself appears to have been still at work on the theory. Just weeks before his death, he submitted a newer version of the paper containing substantial changes. His co-author Hertog will surely continue to refine the work as well.

In the end, this paper is an interesting hypothesis about how our universe could look on the largest scale. It may not reshape our view of the cosmos — at least not yet — but it adds more intellectual firepower to our collective arsenal. And that’s probably what Stephen Hawking would have wanted.

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  • http://glenbarrington.blogspot.com/ Glen Barrington

    Man! I REALLY want there to be a parallel world where I am actually the 5th Beatle.

    • John Madiro

      I totally subscribe to the multiverse theory. At such a level of understanding regular mathematics cannot be relied on to explain. I think this paper would have been convincing more if professor Hawking et al had used probabilistic methods of fractal analysis from both phenomenological topographic and numerical microscopic stand points. This is a sweet paper. Dr. J Madiro

      • Dan Lipford

        “I totally subscribe to the multiverse theory.”

        Which one? Surely in a multiverse, especially in an infinite one, there are a LOT of multiverse theories.

        • John Madiro

          i was referring to Stephen Hawking’s paper “multiverse and a theory known as cosmic inflation” entitled “A Smooth Exit from Eternal Inflation?” which he uses a quantum cosmic dynamics approach to explaining his arguments on multiverses. Stephen Hawking was very kind and lenient with the Mathematics in explaining the argument as his reasoning was mathematically consistent. Apologies if I answered to your wrong post initially.

          • Dan Lipford

            John –

            I was sort of poking fun at the multiverse theory in the same manner that I’ve poked fun at string theory in the past.

            If there is truly a multiverse of infinite proportions, it would take an infinite number varying multiverse theories to fill it.

            Dan

          • John Madiro

            No problem Dan, it’s actually fun to challenge each other constructively and that makes us revisit the material in question.

            “If there is truly a multiverse of infinite proportions, it would take an infinite number varying multiverse theories to fill it.” Your comment
            And from your comment Dan, it makes me believe that theories are “universe-centric” because if we theorize another universe in a space time fabric that experiences different gravitational forces and field intensities the laws of Physics as we know and use them here on Earth would come down tumbling.

    • Tclcit

      You can’t. I claimed fifth Beatle over 50 years ago.

      • http://glenbarrington.blogspot.com/ Glen Barrington

        That’s in THIS timeline. In MY timeline, you don’t exist!

        • Tclcit

          Too bad. We blew away the audience at last night’s performance. You should have seen that place rock.

  • TLongmire

    The holographic principle is correct I’ve experienced it through a lucid conscious experience. Everything that is emitted from a conscious experience is being observed on the face of a sphere and what is is only important on that surface.

    • TLongmire

      4 years ago
      As noted previously I always believed I was in a devise of sorts here is my attempt to explain. Perhaps I am being confined in order that my true nature can be known who knows. I used to ask why I was here and got the answer I was being held ransom perhaps I misunderstood and they said I was being held here while they ransome tests, haha. It seems to me that the devise is emitting a beam of energy at my brain, which by its very nature is a matrix, while an observer is analyzing the resulting outcome. Now my brain is a matrix that is dispensing substances known as neurotransmitters which don’t actually transmit anything but rather their purpose is to alter the rate and manner in which the energy is affected. The resulting diffusion of energy is a 3-dimensional fractal continuously expanding outward in all directions or my ora which is being observed at a given distance so it appears as a sphere. my ora could and perhaps is being observed at multiple distances giving rise to the sphere within spheres notion. As the observer perceives my ora it analyzes the resulting fractals (like divining the surface of the sun) and forms ideas within itself and then these ideas are conveyed back to me as thoughts to see how I react. This is either due to its choice or more likely due to the nature of “knowing” Let me deconstruct the word know for you, there is a line (l) intersected (->l) that diverges (->K) in (N) and around (O) to double you (W). The act of analyzing and conveying the information is perhaps the 1/2 to 2 second delay in “our” reality Didn’t Plato note that man by his nature is a member of a group which could be taken a step farther by saying man by his nature needs another to “be”. In this reality we are observed so that perhaps we become aware. So what I perceive as my conscious mind is my perception of the observed sphere (that hazy mirrored reflection) and my thoughts which are actually the interpretation of the observed sphere by another. Here is a way to examine what I mean, become a point in space then a sphere then back to a point again over and over, you can easily “see” a star and manipulate it by changing the perceived distance but when you are the point and become the sphere and back again you can only “feel” a sense of expansion and contraction. If we are only this then why do we perceive so readily from the outside and not vise versa. My subconscious is the swirling chaos of the 3-d fractal while my higher consciousness is that part of the interaction that escaped the analysis of the observer and is expanding infinitely fleeing from the observers expanding sphere of analysis. With its own analysis slowing it the only hope for rapture is becoming the leading edge expanding exponentially to complete dissipation. ora becoming light I meant

      • Rog

        You can’t reverse engineer reality.

        • TLongmire

          Which reality? Hawking’s paper was discussing the multiverse and possibly tapping into other realities which shouldn’t be discounted in any way. Besides we are in a simulation and therefore reality is actually engineered.

          • Rog

            Your ora can only appear spherical from a single dimension, point, at a single point in time existence.
            Time-space warp caused by outside influences will alter the perception of the sphere.
            Without the ability to reverse time, the sphere can no longer be restored to it’s original form. It’s shape can only be observed as it exists at the moment of observation.
            Your 2 state choice, (sphere point) is a series of events in time.
            Your ability to predict a future event by the the nature of ‘knowing’
            is based on future probabilities based on passed experiences.
            One observing a sphere would expect to observe a point at the given point in time predicted by previous state reversion.
            At this moment your aura is observing the expansion of mine limited by time, distance and space.
            I was lucid at a Grateful Dead concert. I didn’t see God but I saw Jerry Garcia.

          • TLongmire

            I could argue that “you” were not lucid at a Grateful Dead concert because all the cells of your body copies of cells and the longest lived ones are less than a decade old but that would be trying to prove a point that doesn’t need to be proven. Nevermind how I tried to make sense of my experience the conscious mind can comprehend the holographic plane. The holographic principle is such an absolute peculiarities that it shouldn’t be possible unless we are in a simulation.

          • TLongmire

            Your logical argument is probably sound and mathematically probable but so is the holographic principle which does allow what I stated to be real mathematically and experientially.

          • bwana

            Really no way of knowing whether we’re in a simulation or not unless we reach beyond the confines of our container, i.e.: per the movie The 13th Floor.

          • TLongmire

            I’ve been spoon fed there was a way out every since I’ve looked for one. I’ve made a point to cease thinking and withdrew to the cube only to be reinstated instantly. Own the ideas and own it all.

          • Michael Cleveland

            Don’t know how I missed all of this fine entertainment. The Wackadoodles are out in force. That’s alright, just put on your aluminum foil helmet and everything will be OK. Look, this kind of thinking is like trying to build a skyscraper with no tools. Go to school, get some real tools and real knowledge to think with, then turn yourself loose on the world, and never forget that hackneyed programmer’s rule: GI, GO (Garbage In, Garbage Out).

          • TLongmire

            I don’t need schooling I can think for myself. I hadn’t heard of the holographic principle until I read this article but I actually experienced it and tried to make sense of it. Hawkings used it to make sense of the universe, “aliens” use it to make contact with other consciousnesses in different dimensions(as do some humans, look up the Stargate program).

          • Michael Cleveland

            No, I suppose once you get that aluminum foil helmet on, you wouldn’t need schooling, but for the record, both the holographic principle and aliens are purely speculative. The Wackadoodle principle, on the other hand, is well understood.

          • TLongmire

            Stephen Hawkings believed in both.

          • Michael Cleveland

            And substantiated neither. They are still hypothetical.

      • Just Amazed

        TLongmire: Didn’t the actress Shirley Mclaine once claim that in a prior life she was a toaster? Might you be the toast?

    • Magic Mushrooms

      Wow man, my mind is blown! I don’t doubt you at all. Perhaps a dose of me will provide you even more clarity.
      Thank you for sharing your thoughts my friend!

  • neritic

    If a parallel universe made of antimatter appears nothing will exist.

  • jawnhenry

    Don’t believe in artificial intelligence? Simply read some of the comments here.

    • AlDavisJr

      Some of these comments are either hallucinatory or delusional.

      • okiejoe

        It seems to me that someone has been running a random word generator.

  • http://www.mazepath.com/uncleal/EquivPrinFail.pdf Uncle Al

    Tearing off a triangle’s corners then adding them always makes a straight line. Euclid: the sum of any triangle’s three interior angles is exactly 180°. Segment of the equator, two lines of longitude bounding it, and a pole where the latter intersect. In 1824 Bolyai showed Euclid was incomplete.

    50 years of physical theory, more than a million published pages…non-classical gravitation, dark matter, supersymmetry…and Hawking’s final work are empirically sterile. “Accepted” theory can be measurably falsified in commercial bench top equipment [brightspec(.)com] in one hour by making fewer assumptions.

    www(.)mazepath(.)com/uncleal/EquivPrinFail.pdf
    … Look. The worst it can do is succeed.

    • bwana

      “Euclid: the sum of any triangle’s three interior angles is exactly 180°” Only applies to flat space-time surfaces.

  • Ron

    Isn’t it easier to say the speed of light is 300,000 Km/sec? This is an important constant that gives us, for example, the relationship between wave length and frequency.

  • bob gershin

    I reading the comments below, I think what we need are new laws requiring that people take their meds

  • http://www.RNA-mediated.com jvkohl

    The claims in “Olfaction Warps Visual Time Perception” link the sense of smell in bacteria to our visual perception of energy and mass in the context of the space time continuum and biophysically constrained viral latency. Everything known to Hawking’s co-authors Roger Penrose and George FR Ellis has since been linked from what organisms eat to the physiology of reproduction via the creation of sunlight and biomolecules. The difference between Hawking’s ridiculous theories and biologically-based facts will place the claims about his intelligence and insight into the historical context of how celebrity scientists have led to our unnecessary suffering and premature death. It’s ironic that Hawking could have been effectively treated with food energy-dependent microRNAs, but instead got stuck with a useless theoretical approach to life.

    • Michael Cleveland

      If you will, kindly present us with a mathematical rebuttal to Hawking’s “ridiculous” theories. I do congratulate you for the finest example of pseudo-scientific gibberish that I’ve seen a month of wackadoodles. Well done!

  • bwana

    The new research into LSD is definitely showing in some of the comments…

  • JohnBoy

    “theory remains, for the moment, untestable” – just like the Gosses’ “Omphalos”, (the best-known variant of Mature Creation), which scientists have traditionally rejected because of its apparent untestability. If we’re taking Hawking seriously, maybe we should start taking Mature Creation seriously as well.

    • bwana

      There’s a difference between theory and faith. Don’t get the two confused!

      • JohnBoy

        I’m not, Bwana. I’m taking Mature Creation and The God Who made it as a scientific theory. You don’t need faith to admit that there is at least as much evidence for that as there is for Stephen Hawking’s theories, you just need an open mind.
        By believing in God, you’re not doing Him any favours. I KNOW the truth of the Bible MORE than I believe it. Nature tells you He’s there.

        • bwana

          Yup, right up there with the Tooth Fairy, Santa Claus and the Force in StarWars… But believe away if it makes you happy!

          • JohnBoy

            So long as you say the same thing about Stephen Hawking’s theories – but, you know, even T H Huxley admitted that biblical creation was a possibility.

          • TLongmire

            Look around and imagine you alone are God and all of this is your creation.

          • JohnBoy

            Yup TL, if the Bible weren’t true (including the Fall and its consequences), I’d have a problem. As it is, I would be remembering the infinite sacrifice of God the Son for the sins of those who had believed on Him in type and those who would believe on Him in substance, and looking forward to the day when I would be receiving them to Myself for eternal bliss, and pouring out eternal justice on those who hadn’t believed on Him.

          • TLongmire

            Why ain’t it so then

          • JohnBoy

            You mean why am I not God? Ans: Because Someone Else is God and the perfect world He created has been marred by sin, but will be restored. There ain’t room for the two of us to be God.

          • TLongmire

            I wish the world perfect

          • JohnBoy

            It will be when the time comes. Part of the perfection is the perfect justice that will be poured on those who didn’t take advantage of God’s mercy – You sure don’t want to be in that lot!

          • TLongmire

            Listen to thyself🤘

          • JohnBoy

            Indeed I need to – These guys who tell me “Believe it if it makes you happy” don’t realize how difficult it is to put theory into practice. The stakes are scary, and I could be mistaken – not about the existence of God, but my standing with Him. Not about the faithfulness of His promises, but the reality or otherwise of my obedience and my right to enter into them.

          • bwana

            “faithfulness of His promises”. Nowhere has “he” made any promises unless of course you believe the myths and tall tales in the bible! It is simply a believer’s delusion that there is a “he” so get ready to simply cease to exist when your time comes!!

          • JohnBoy

            Bwana, I can’t think what preparations would be necessary for simply ceasing to exist. Please advise.
            Neither can I think what preparations would be sufficient for spending eternity wishing that you COULD cease to exist. Better to avoid the situation by faith and repentance.

          • bwana

            No preparation required. You simply aren’t! The only “afterlife” is the memories of you left behind.

            If everyone believed in an fabulous afterlife there would be a lot more people killing themselves to gain that great reward. But deep down all people realize the end is simply the end!

          • JohnBoy

            If no preparation is required, why did you tell me to get ready?
            You really ought to read what people write before commenting on them. If everybody believed in an unconditional fabulous afterlife which they only need to kill themselves to gain, they would be greatly deluded. But as I said above, there is either Heaven or Hell.

          • bwana

            Love the sarcasm! Well done!

          • Michael Cleveland

            Yes, I’m God and I created all of this, and I look it over and my first thought is “God help me.”

          • bwana

            A theory is nothing more than a theory until proven. It took science 50 years to prove the existence of the Higgs Boson.

            I highly doubt the theory of the existence of a god will ever be proven. It’s been several thousand years now and we’re still running with the theory…

          • JohnBoy

            As it’s true, it will be proven in the prophesied events, if not before.
            In the mean time, the statistics favour Intelligent Design, by overwhelming odds.

          • bwana

            Ah, I see you believe in Nostradamus!? Good luck with that!

          • JohnBoy

            Eh? What’s M. de Notre Dame got to do with it.? The prophecies to which I refer are in the Bible.

          • bwana

            Put your faith in Nostradamus. He is much believable than all the contradictions and human idiocy in the biggest (fairy) story book of all time, the bible. You do realize the bible was written by normal humans a few thousand years ago?

          • JohnBoy

            OK Bwana (You don’t write like a Swahili speaker, by the way), tell me a contradiction in the Bible – Yes, it was written by normal humans, but God saw to it that what they wrote was correct – not Hitler’s name with one letter wrong.

          • bwana

            You know deep down as I do that man created god; thus, man actually oversaw what they wrote and we both know how fallible man is.

            It is the nature of conscious beings to have some mythical entity to thank for good things and blame for bad things. It is hard to take personal responsibility for all the good and bad on earth!

          • JohnBoy

            Man created many gods. The God of the Bible, though, is beyond man’s ability to create. He’s too different.
            I don’t need a mythical entity to thank and to blame, thank you – I find myself disinclined enough to thank the God that IS there, though God knows He deserves my thanks and more. As for blaming HIm, the blame is clearly with us humans.

          • bwana

            LOL! You’re welcome to your delusion… Everyone to their own.

          • JohnBoy

            Yes Bwana. Judas went to his own place.

          • bwana

            Not according to books/gospels not included in the bible as a result of various Conclaves and Ecumenical Councils over the ages. The Gospel of Judas paints a pretty favorable picture of Judas Iscariot. Maybe you should do a little original research rather than simply mouthing your minister’s lessons!? If there is a heaven, Judas will be there and one of the stars!

          • bwana

            “The God of the Bible, though, is beyond man’s ability to create.”
            How so, pray tell?

          • Michael Cleveland

            You’ve got to be kidding. The Bible contradicts itself with a consistency that is truly mind-boggling. It was written by humans, who may have believed they were influenced by God, but if you think about it, you may remember that we lock people up (or prescribe lithium to) those who hear voices.

          • JohnBoy

            If you were competent to comment on here, Michael, you would have recognized that lithium isn’t prescribed much these days, and when it was prescribed, it was for bipolar, not hearing voices.
            Well, you have jumped in saying the same thing as Bwana. He hasn’t given any example of self-contradiction in the Bible and neither can you, so you must mean that the consistency of zero with which the Bible contradicts itself is truly mind-boggling – and so it would be if were not divinely inspired.

          • Michael Cleveland

            Lithium has a long history in the treatment of mood-related aspects of schizophrenia. As for contradictions, Discus won’t let me post links, but take a look at one list at Answering Christianity, 101 Contradictions in the Bible. That’s just one of many sites, if you care to look. There are many more than 101.

          • bwana

            Many more than 101…

          • Michael Cleveland

            Beginner’s primer. The shock of encountering all at once might be too much.

          • bwana

            Far too many to even bother listing even a few of the hundreds!

          • Michael Cleveland

            Now that is purely in your imagination. You might try reading some of the real science in addition to the highly distorted Intelligent Design literature. If you only read one side, you can’t get the whole picture, and your overwhelming odds are well on the other side of the fence.

          • Michael Cleveland

            So many who don’t understand the meaning of “Theory”. You treat it as guess work, supposition, when in scientific use it means the most complete level of current understanding of an area of study. There is no such thing as scientific proof of Theory. Theory represents our best carefully investigated and thoroughly vetted understanding at present, but new facts, better tools, better understanding can cause theory to be updated. It is not immutable. That does not make it invalid. But science is not out to prove anything. It is a tool for achieving better–and growing–understanding of the world around us.

  • Richard Smith

    The multiverse was theorized to help explain two unanswerable cosmological questions. How did the Universe emerge from nothing, and why does our universe have all the precise physical values that make it possible?
    If you have an infinite number of random universes,each with their own physical variations, the exact one with all its attributes that we live in will emerge.
    We are just one relatively recent bubble in an infinite cosmos of inflation that has existed forever. Both problems solved? I don’t buy into it.

    • bwana

      With an infinite number of universes the idea of “relative” has no meaning since there is no reference universe in an infinite cosmos…

      What is your theory of the origin of our perfect universe?

      • Richard Smith

        There is no scientific answer for a universe that popped into being from nothing with all the properties necessary to form our universe. The multiverse of infinities is a contrived untestable attempt to make sense out of the senseless.

        • bwana

          All scientific discoveries start out as theories; some ultimately proven, some not. There is still the question of whether our universe actually exists? We may be simply living in something’s virtual reality simulation; very hard to prove one way or the other!

          As for the multiverse not being testable? Most things were consider untestable at some point before being proven or not. The Higgs Boson is a good example; took 50 years of research to find it. At one point people were jailed (or worse) for believing the Earth wasn’t the center of the universe, then the Sun, then the Milky Way Galaxy, now our Universe.

          I repeat my question to you,
          “What is your theory of the origin of our perfect universe?”

          • Michael Cleveland

            And one more who does not understand the meaning of the word theory. Science begins with observation, hypothesis, experiment, more observation, and ultimately, Theory, which is mutable only when new knowledge or understanding warrants. Theory is always the highest level of understanding at any given time. You could say that all Theories begin with scientific discoveries. Certainly not the other way around.

          • bwana

            Yes, “the highest level of understanding at any given time”, even at the beginning…

          • Michael Cleveland

            I don’t have a clue what that’s supposed to mean. Theory is not speculation or guess-work, and science does not begin with Theory, except as a jumping off point from previously vetted Theory.

          • Richard Smith

            And I repeat my answer. I have no scientific theory to explain the origin of the universe. I do have a theological answer, a Prime Mover, but that is not a theory but just a belief.

          • Michael Cleveland

            But then you have to account for the origin of the prime mover. Like infinities, such speculation explains nothing.

          • Richard Smith

            The Prime Mover exists outside of matter and time, so no explanation of His origin is necessary.

          • Michael Cleveland

            Now that is an opinion, but even if so, it does not account for anything without raising a new level of origin questions. It’s like the claim that life on this planet was seeded from somewhere else. No explanation, just begging the question of how it formed elsewhere. Science cannot address what it cannot observe, and no true scientist will have anything to say pro or con religion except “I believe” or “I don’t believe.” “Let’s investigate” doesn’t apply because no scientific investigation is possible.

          • Richard Smith

            The concept of a Prime Mover who exists outside of space-time is much more than just a personal opinion, it is a theological belief based on logic accepted by millions. Both science and theology agree that the Big Bang is more than theory, it is a logical conclusion based on scientific observation. Yet science is unable to explain how the universe spontaneously formed from nothing. A Prime Mover who existed forever outside of time and space with no beginning or end is a satisfactory explanation for those who can accept His existence. For those like Steven who cannot, the multiverse is a plausible answer. Yet the multiverse only pushes the question of origins one step further back. Where did it come from?

          • Michael Cleveland

            Key word: “Belief.” Belief, and empirical fact have nothing in common. If you believe otherwise, you too can have 49 virgins waiting on the other side if you will only kill infidels for Allah–just another name for your prime mover.

          • TANSTAAFL!

            I would not believe in any Prime Mover [God] whose existence I could prove.

            [with apologies to Groucho]

          • Michael Cleveland

            Again, “believe.” The fact that you believe a thing does not make it true, nor does disbelief make it false. The only way to reliable understanding of the world is empirical. Nothing wrong with non-empirical views, so long as you don’t try to present them as fact or truth. They are just belief.

          • TANSTAAFL!

            Agreed. The existence or non existence of God is beyond proof.

          • Michael Cleveland

            I would phrase that more objectively: the existence or non-existence of God can neither be proven nor disproven through observation, experiment, or the application of logic or other intellectual tools.

          • TANSTAAFL!

            That is acceptable

          • bwana

            I have no problem with theology or science as long as one doesn’t try to replace the other.

          • Michael Cleveland

            Only religion has ever suggested that one has the aim of supplanting the other. Science simply has no interest in the numinous, in that which is neither observable nor testable. It is religious paranoia that insists on defending itself against a none-existent threat.

          • bwana

            Now you’re simply being holier than thou. Science has often waded into areas best left to the occult and you know it!

          • Michael Cleveland

            Do I? There is a lot of pseudo-science claiming to be what it’s not, and I know of more than one self-proclaimed scientist who has in mind achieving some kind of scientific proof of Biblical “truth,” but that’s not going to work. It’s misguided for a number of reasons, not least of which is the fact that science is not in the business of proving anything.

          • bwana

            “Biblical truth” Now that’s an oxymoron!

            Yes, there are a few stories in the bible that can be roughly associated with actual history / events BUT they’re few and far between. This is quite understandable considering the age and source of the information as well as the number of times the bible has been translated, prejudicially interpreted and massaged to support various religious agendas (quite obvious from the books / “teachings” that were included / excluded)…

            As for taking the bible literally; only applies to thoroughly brainwashed souls!

            However, if one accepts the bible for the fiction it is, it is an interesting read!

    • Michael Cleveland

      I think you don’t fully comprehend the concept of infinity. In an infinite number of universes, there would be not only infinite variety, but infinite repetition, so not just one, but an infinite number of universes identical to ours. That’s the trouble with trying to deal with infinities: they tend to become rapidly top-heavy.

      • Richard Smith

        Anything that doesn’t contradict itself is possible with infinities. Yet no answers come from interjecting infinity into a problem..

  • Captain Obvious

    The comments here remind me of a short story called “The Library of Babel” by Argentine author Jorge Luis Borges. I highly recommend it.

  • DodgeMiniVan

    I know we humans er: Earthlings, like to think and believe we are the only ones existing in the universe. This, only proves our arrogance. I find it difficult to believe that we are alone in this vast universe. I believe we are being observed by astronomers from another planet as We are observing other planets.

  • Rico Belmore

    I have a decent theory so far. I’m not quite done yet, but I’m working on it as much as I can. I think it’s great to me, but I’m not sure how others will feel or not feel. I spoke with my mom about it tonight and she said I should talk about it with someone profess. In the next couple days I’m gonna go to my local high school and hopefully talk to the physics teacher. I’m gonna be honest, I’m not sure how this theory came about, I feel like I know this answer…

    • Rico Belmore

      I could tell you everything in our life is not what it seems to be. Honestly, it’s a good reality I see. I’m not sure if in this one I will be heard, but I’ll be waiting when someone is ready to hear. Reality is something We Created, We can Create it again.

      Life is a giant machine.
      It works like a factory.
      We are the workers.
      They are the watchers.
      We’ve all been here before.

    • Michael Cleveland

      This is a good kind of thinking, but bear in mind that Stephen Hawking was one of the most brilliant minds since Einstein, a mind also shaped by years of the most intensive and specialized education. He very likely got his start in the same way, so keep thinking.

      • Rico Belmore

        I found the answer my friend. I need to talk someone professional now in order for someone to believe it… I told my mom and my brother again today and they don’t believe it. It’s hard to believe because it’s right in front of us.

        • Rico Belmore

          The multiverse and the speed of light.

          • Rico Belmore

            I can tell you, Stephen Hawking was right.

      • Rico Belmore

        Thanks. Stephen Hawking was great and he was a good role model for Mankind.

    • satyr9

      We need more thinkers in this world, more Stephen Hawkings… more Einsteins; everyone is so used to hearing or reading about their work and majority probably don’t realize that it isn’t final. This universe or should I say multiverse is strange… Dream on! maybe you will be our next Stephen Hawking.

  • satyr9

    I hope the M-theory gets more publicity since Stephen Hawking left us with this big bang (lol?). For us to even hypothetically exist (in QM), we’d have to be observed—almost parallel to that cliché philosophical question “If a tree falls in a forest and no one is around to hear it, does it make a sound?”. The hologram principle possibly aligns with the dynamics of string theory by essentially viewing the infinite universes which we all simultaneously exist in as guitar strings; the one which we observe and have a consciousness to interpret the sphere of reality is the string which is resonating and creating sound. When two are—for the lack of a better word—plucked, they create a divergence or rather go off on a tangent; producing the sound of both 1 and 2 strings. I sometimes think that this world which we are in right now is the product of ALL strings resonating which results in ..chaos and an inflated universe…
    if we’re relating the multiverse to bubbles or foam.. don’t bubbles pop at some point? so I might have to disagree with it being “eternal”.

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  • Khwaja Shamsuddin Azeemi

    Lecture 1
    The Presented and The acquired Knowledge
    Before embarking on the journey of learning this spiritual knowledge, it must be kept in mind that the knowledge we
    intend to learn, in the coming days, is the Presented one. Presented Knowledge (Ilm-e-hazoori) is the knowledge that
    enables us to enter the world of the Unseen and makes us to acquaint with the Unseen. It is that knowledge, which is a
    sort of direct information, bestowed upon the mind of the person learning this science, that is, the unconscious stimuli
    start functioning in that person.
    Functioning of the unconscious stimuli means that an impression of the stated thing is created upon the screen of the
    mind. When, for instance, the teacher of the Presented Knowledge, utters the word ‘pigeon’, an outline of a pigeon is
    formed in the memory or upon the screen of the mind. And, when the word sinks deeper in the mind, a pigeon with all
    its detailed features is actually witnessed sitting there upon the screen of the mind.
    Similarly, when the teacher mentions something about a star or a planet, a bright star is actually felt twinkling upon the
    mental screen. And, when the spiritual teacher tells about the Paradise, the information, which we have already had
    about the Paradise, start displaying in our mind in the form of a mental picture. We see that the Paradise is a garden
    with waterfalls, brooks and streams of sweet and clear water and beautiful sweet smelling flowers of every type and
    colours. And, it is such a scenic place, which is beyond any comparison with the worldly scenes of beauty and charm.
    It is a brief description of the Presented Knowledge.
    The difference between the Presented and the Acquired Knowledge (Ilm-e-hasooli) is that in the latter case when a
    teacher teaches to draw a picture to his students, he demonstrates to draw a picture on a graph and tells that if these
    many squares of the graph are used in this way, an eye would be formed, if these many squares are brought under the
    pencil, a nose would be formed and, if these many squares are used, an ear would be the outcome. The more the interest
    and willingness of the student to learn to draw a picture in the squares of a graph, the more successful artist he becomes
    because of the teacher’s guidance, or to say, the basis of the Acquired Knowledge is that any particular ability can be
    activated in a person by proper training.
    Opposite to this, the Presented Knowledge holds that everybody has the innate ability of drawing picture, making chair
    and tailoring dress. The work of the teacher is only to get that innate ability activated in a person and the more that
    ability is put to use and practiced, the more expert he becomes in that field.
    Further explanation of this thing is that whatsoever existing in the world, or that ever existed or which will exist ever
    henceforth, is flowing upon thoughts. Something exists for us when we happen to receive information about that thing,
    or in other words, a thought about that thing comes to our mind, and if no information about that thing is received from
    within our self or no thought about that thing comes to our mind then that thing does not exist for us. When a person
    wants to be an artist, first of all it occurs to him that he should be drawing a picture. Similarly, when a person wants to
    be a carpenter, this thought comes to his mind that he should be going for carpentry.
    It is true for every science and art of the world in the same way. Every science or art begins with a thought or an idea
    about that particular field of knowledge. Only after having a thought about learning something we become interested in
    that particular direction and we start searching for a teacher or guide who could help us in developing that faculty. And,
    the teacher, keeping our interest and quest in view, activates that particular ability in us.
    His Divine Grace, Qalander Baba Auliya in the Loh-o-Qalum has stated that all that a teacher could do is to be an
    instrument in awakening the desired ability. Just as abilities for all the arts and sciences are there in a person, in the
    Page 5 of 163
    very same manner, the ability to learn and achieve the ‘Spiritual Science’ is also there in a person. When a person
    learns to draw a picture he is called an artist, when he learns to make furniture, he is known as a carpenter and if a
    person invents something, he is given the name of a scientist. And, if a person manages to get his spiritual potentials
    activated with the help of a teacher, he is called a spiritual person.

    The methods of awakening and activating the potentials of the spiritual person have been disclosed in ‘Loh-o-Qalum’.
    Dreaming and awakening
    In the light of this brief description of the Presented and the Acquired Knowledge it is not very difficult to conclude
    that for knowing, understanding and recognising the soul, the Presented knowledge is the only true and reliable source.
    The Acquired Knowledge cannot lead us to the soul. If someone tries to comprehend the soul by means of the Acquired
    Knowledge, he tends to go astray due to the logical and intellectual arguments. Everybody tries to have his own
    conjectural views about the soul. Few say, man evolutes from apes. Some said man is the son of the sun. Some
    associate man’s creation with the creation of fish. And, comparatively more intelligent people when, upon analysing
    the available/prevalent doctrines, cannot find any factual reality, tend to consider material life everything, ignoring the
    soul altogether.
    Or, to say, whosoever attempted understanding of the soul by means of Acquired Knowledge, failed to reach any real
    and final conclusion but, whosoever had an access to the soul by means of the Presented Knowledge was liberated from
    doubts and dubiety and it enters into his certitude that this body of flesh and bones is merely a fiction and a
    hypothetical thing. The real thing is that which is taking care of this physical body and if that thing detaches itself from
    this body, the body becomes inactive and starts perishing.
    At the moment we have to resolve, what is man? What do we know of him? How do we identify him? And, what is his
    actual position in this universe?
    Man, according to our worldly knowledge, is a figure made of tissues and muscles over the skeleton of bones.
    Metaphorically, using the medical terms, it could be said that there is a skeleton of bones covered with cotton, bandages
    and plaster. The cotton is the simile for flesh, bandages are tissues and muscles and the plaster indicates the skin. But,
    this physical body of flesh and bones is devoid of any movement of its own. There is something else which is
    responsible for the movements of this physical body.
    Suppose there is a figure of tiger made of clay, which is lying in a place where it is accumulating dust. When a person
    looks at that clay tiger, he does not mention anything about the dust covering that tiger and tells that he sees a tiger. Just
    as the dust gathered upon the tiger is merged into the identity of the tiger, similarly, the soul, too, has gathered upon
    itself a fabric of flesh and bones, which is made by it from the lights and the figure so produced is called the ‘body’.
    His Divine Grace, Qalander Baba Auliya explains this thing giving the example of the dress worn by the physical body.
    According to him the movements of the dress are related to with the body wearing it and when the dress is taken off, it
    cannot exhibit any movement at its own. It is not possible for the dress, which is placed to look like a lying person, to
    move, no matter how forcefully it is commanded to do so. But, if someone wears this dress, then every movement of
    the body will automatically be transferring to the dress. And, similar is the case of this physical body, which is a robe
    of the soul.
    As long as this dress is upon the soul, it is moving and, when this dress is taken off by the soul, it takes the form of
    discarded attire. It is our routine observation that when a person expires, he cannot offer any resistance to anything
    done against him. Death means that the soul has taken off its dress and discarded it in such a manner that it cannot
    attract its attention any more. This making of the dress by the soul is not limited for this material world only rather the
    Page 6 of 163
    soul makes a new dress for itself at every descent, in every zone and at every place and the soul expresses its
    movements through the dress that it prepares for itself.

    Not only the movements of the soul are exhibited by means of this dress, the dress is developed, guarded and reared by
    the soul. If in one zone this dress is composed of putrefaction and foul smelling materials, in another it is weaved of the
    light waves and yet in other zones it is made up of noor and Beatific Visions. When the soul prepares this dress using
    the matter, due to the innate properties of the matter, the spatio-temporal limitations remain in force for this dress
    (body). Or, in other words, the material dress functions within the confines of time and space.
    Quest for the soul
    The exact position of the dress, the physical body of flesh and bones, is witnessed when we expire, that is, we are dead.
    After one is dead, the physical body is not different than a discarded dress.

    In order to have better realization of this thing, we have to look for a state, which is identical or similar to death, in our
    life whether it is only momentarily or for a longer duration. This is also necessary because it cannot be taken as an
    example if it is not persistent and constant. When this is searched in the stages or days and nights of our life, the only
    state that is similar to death, is the state of sleep.

    It is a proverbial statement that a sleeping person resembles a dead one. The only difference between these two is that
    in the state of sleeping the soul remains in touch with its dress and guards its dress actively, whereas, in the case of a
    dead person, it disconnects itself from its dress permanently. Or to say, it passes away after taking off this dress. The
    sleep is such an activity of our life, which leads us to the potentials of the soul.
    We live our life in two alternating states of wakefulness and sleep. In the state of wakefulness, our eyes remain open,
    our conscious mind is active, we are seeing everything, listening to every type of sound, we are feeling and we are
    moving around as well, in such a manner that the dress of the soul is also moving along.
    In the other state of life, which is known as sleep, we see things, hear sounds, feel things, witness ourselves moving
    around but the dress of the soul, the physical body, is not moving along. This phenomenon is a proof of the fact that the
    soul is not constrained to move along with the physical body. It does move around even without the body of flesh and
    bones. The movements performed by the soul without involving the physical body are termed as dreaming.

    There exist various doctrines about the dreams. According to some, these are merely thoughts, which are displayed
    during the sleep. One dreams only such things about which one remains occupied during one’s wakefulness. Some say,
    the dreams are only reflections of our unfulfilled wishes. When a wish is not fulfilled and remains incomplete then it is
    fulfilled in a dream. Likewise, many things are said about dreams and everybody, according to his knowledge and
    thinking approach, has said one or the other thing about dreams. But, nobody can deny this thing that soul can move
    around without using the medium of the physical body just as it does so when the physical body is used as a medium of
    its locomotion.
    If anybody feels like raising this objection that the movements witnessed and enacted in dreams or, dreaming by itself,
    is merely an artifice of thoughts and imaginations then this objection can very easily be ruled out because every one of
    us do see one, two or more such dreams that after awakening, the effects of the seen things or the acts performed in the
    Page 7 of 163
    dream leave their impressions upon the dreamer. The most explicit example, in this regard, is that of the wet dreams, in
    which one experiences the same sexual ecstasy with which one is familiar in a state of awakening. Resulting a wet
    dream, taking a bath becomes obligatory just as it becomes mandatory when the sexual intercourse is performed during
    wakefulness. Religion does not allow us to offer Prayer unless one has not taken bath after witnessing a wet dream just
    as is compulsory when the act of sexual intercourse is performed during wakefulness.
    This also is our observation that we see some dreadful thing in a dream and upon awakening the fright of the scary
    thing is still gripping us. The heartbeat becomes faster, even in the state of dreaming, upon seeing a terrifying scene just
    as it does so in the state of wakefulness. Similarly, when a charming scene is witnessed in a dream, it leaves a hilarious
    effect just as one enjoys the pleasure in the state of awakening upon seeing a beautiful scene.

    This is a brief comparison of the activities of the dreaming and wakefulness.
    Page 8 of 163
    Lecture 2
    Sabita, Aayan, Jowiyah
    This thing has become amply clear that the movements conducted and the activities performed in the drea

    • Michael Cleveland

      It never ceases to amaze me how the mere mention of Hawking’s name brings out the Wackadoodle mob.

  • Khwaja Shamsuddin Azeemi

    Lecture 2
    Sabita, Aayan, Jowiyah
    This thing has become amply clear that the movements conducted and the activities performed in the dreams are related
    to with the life just as the activities and movements performed during the state of wakefulness are directly associated
    with the human life. One may argue that all the activities performed during the state of sleep are not real and all the
    actions and deeds enacted in dreams also do not leave any impression.

    The answer to this sort of observation is that the act and deeds performed during the state of wakefulness leave their
    impression only when one is attentive for them and all the acts and deeds are performed during alert consciousness, that
    is, impression of an act or deed establishes only when it is accepted mentally. When the acts and deeds of wakefulness
    and dreams are compared, it is observed that if, during wakefulness we are attentive for something then it has some
    significance otherwise it has no importance at all and is not more than a thought.

    It is in the routines of our life that we go to the office for the sake of earning livelihood. After leaving our home, we
    take a bus; purchase a ticket by handing over some money to the bus conductor, few words are also exchanged with
    him. Then, passing through different stops we reach our office. After reaching the office, if someone should ask us
    about the bus conductor’s appearance or features or that what did we see on our way to the office, then, we are left with
    the only option of replying that we didn’t notice much. Despite the fact that the eyes of the person remained open on
    his way to office and he saw all the passing by people, shops, signboards and crossings etc. but he couldn’t remember
    anything because all his mental inclinations remain concentrated upon the office. But, if a person sitting in a bus pays
    full attention on the passing things with awareness of his surroundings then, such a person can certainly tell that what
    did he see on his way to the office.

    The purpose of narrating all this is that whether it is sleep or awakening, if one is attentive and stays aware of his
    surroundings, the memory retains the details of the seen things, otherwise, all the things are deleted from the memory.
    For the very reason, at times the dreams become very significant and at times all the acts and deeds performed in the
    state of alert consciousness also do not have any significance.

    According to the holy books and spiritual point of view, the human life is established upon two dimensions of dreaming
    and awakening. Half of the human life is spent in the state of dreaming (sleep) and rest of the half is spent in
    wakefulness. After having a brief comparison of the two states of dreaming and wakefulness, it becomes necessary to
    analyse the acts, deeds and movements of the wakefulness. The journey undertaken in the state of dreaming does not
    involve Time and Space. For travelling from one place to another does not require any means of transportation nor any
    time is required to be spent. Whereas, opposite to this, in wakefulness, one or the other means of transportation is
    required for travelling from one place to another and time is also spent in undertaking any journey.

    Upon taking this thing into considered deliberation, it transpires that the activities performed in the state of dreaming
    are carried out in the similar manner as the ones that are performed during awakening, that is to say, that before doing
    Page 9 of 163
    anything, first of all a thought is perceived in this regard, then upon attaining depth that thought becomes and idea,
    which finally takes the form of a manifestation. For instance, when a person intending to write an essay sits down to
    write, the ingredients and details of the essay are not there in his mind but when he sets to work and starts writing,
    thoughts start translating into words automatically and the whole gist of the essay is transcribed on a paper.

    This suggests three eventualities. One, the essay exists somewhere. Second, the form in which the essay existed took
    the shape of words. And, third, the words appeared upon the paper as a manifestation. The place where the essay
    existed in the form of an idea, in terms of Parapsychology, is called the Ultra-unconscious, and where the idea took the
    shape of words is called Unconscious and the place where the words took the form of an inscription upon the paper, is
    known as the Conscious. In spiritual terminology, the Ultra-unconscious is known as Sabita, the Unconscious as the
    Aayan and the Conscious as Jowiyah.

    The example of an essay writer proves that the essay, before its inscription on a paper, exited somewhere in such a
    form with which we were not familiar, but, when we took the trouble of focussing our attention towards the main idea
    of the essay, it become clear, that is, the main idea surfaced in our memory and, using the pen in our hand, we
    transferred the impressions existing in our memory upon the paper.
    From this, this fact is established that the essay and its contents were already in the knowledge of the human mind. This
    knowledge about the essay and its contents sufficiently enough establish that man is familiar with everything that exists
    in the universe. It is only that he knows about only few things whether this knowing is because of visual or auditory
    faculties and there are certain things, which are not know to him consciously but all these things are existing,
    somewhere, all the same.
    Human mind is aware that making use of sight or the hearing, it can come to know of some of those things which are
    not in its knowledge and, it has quest for having knowledge about the things that are not known to it. It is the unique
    power of curiosity that is responsible for revelation of the material and spiritual faculties upon our mind. The more
    familiar we become with the use of this force of curiosity, the more potential are activated in us and, accordingly, we
    learn to discover and invent new things. When these potentials, in the spiritual area, expand the whole universe is seen
    like a mirror. And, it comes into our knowledge what was there in the universe, what exists now and what will ever
    exist; hence, curiosity is the movement that makes us to excel in knowledge and harness the forces of natures.
    Oneiric Potentialities
    It has been made clear in the previous lecture that the human life, whether it is the life lived within the confines of time
    and space or is free from the bondage of time and space constraints, is founded on the basis of thoughts and the every
    thought is a form of knowledge. This thing can be elaborated using the example of a film projector.
    Although the waves emitted from a projector are felt and seen, they do not stir any sense in our mind, or to say, the
    waves flowing from a projector despite creating the sense of their presence fail to convey any meaning or purpose. In a
    movie theater, we are aware that a bean of light after flowing from the overhead projector is falling upon the screen
    where the waves, contained there in the beam, are scattering in the form of different shapes, forms and colors. These
    waves can be taken as a similitude of thoughts and the process of their falling upon the screen could be taken as the
    knowledge. The forms, shapes and colors perceived after their display upon the screen could be termed as the meanings
    and purpose. This example also suggests that if a thought is not displayed upon a screen, it does not signify any
    knowledge or meaningfulness.
    Before a thought is manifested, it has to pass through three circles, which have been denominated as Sabita, Aiyan and
    Jowiya. These are also known as the Great Soul, Human Soul and the Animal Soul, respectively. Nothing can take the
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    form of knowledge unless it is not passed through these three circles. When a spiritual associate enters into these
    circles, the spiritual potentials arouse in him. The more is the awakening of these potentials, the more expansion is
    experienced.
    All that is witnessed by the inner sight of a spiritual associate, Qalander Baba Auliya has classified it into six stages.
    First one, termed as knowing the Ethereal Realm (Kashf-ul-Joo), is such an ability that gives the spiritual associate a
    conscious awareness of his relationship with the Almighty God. And, having the correlation with God is the correlation
    with Unity.
    Having correlation purports to have a particular style and approach of thinking. For instance, a person knows it fully
    that he is the creation and God is his Creator. There are many types of correlations. The spiritual masters have
    mentioned some eighteen types of correlations. Correlation of Love, Quiescence, Raptness, Owaisian etc. are few
    amongst them. At the moment, we would be discussing the Correlation of Unity.
    When it enters into the certitude of a person that he is associated with the Ultimate Being of God and no other entity
    can be the creator, then the true picture of the whole universe emerges before him. Or, in other words, the Lord Creator
    of the cosmos and the Creative system established under His Supreme Control start reflecting upon his mind. And,
    when the collective system transpires upon the mind, deliberation guides him towards the fact that there exists a base
    upon which all the creatures and the existents of the universe and the whole program of creation, is inscribed. After
    this, he knows it with irrefutable realization that God is the Creator, the whole universe is a handiwork of His
    creatorship, and the existents of the universe are members of a family created by one single entity. This is the certitude
    that enables the man to recognize the extraterrestrial bodies of sun, moon and stars, the creatures existing upon the
    earth and the atmosphere enveloping the earth appear to be familiar to him.
    When we look at the sky, we see many stars. Not only that we see the stars but the shine of lights coming from them,
    the coolness of their light and the atmosphere in which these are twinkling is also felt by our senses. Seeing the stars
    makes us realize unconsciously that these stars are established somewhere and these stars are revolving on an orbital
    base under a specific system. This means that the human sight is capable of seeing things that exist beyond the limits of
    our atmosphere and besides seeing them their effects are also felt by the senses operative in us.
    When, for instance, we look at the moon, the coolness of the moonlight is felt by our mind and when we see the sun,
    the warmth and heat of the sunlight is perceived by our senses. Sighting the moonlight and the sunlight is the act of
    seeing by our sight and the feeling the coolness or the warmth is the act of identifying through other senses.
    What are the sun and the moon? We know only this that this is the moon and this is the sun. We cannot say anything
    with certainty that from where do these bodies get their light. In simple words, if the human sight witnesses all the
    celestial bodies then the various creatures existing on the earth are also sighted. The sight, responsible for sighting
    things, witnesses the whole universe.
    Sighting the universe is of two types. One is to merely look at things and the other, besides looking at them, is to know
    the structural formation of things and to explore the formulae operative in the creation of the universe. Witnessing the
    manifestations of the universe is the conscious activity and sighting the inner dimension of the universe i.e. to explore
    the formulae upon which the universe is established is the working of the Unconscious.
    Man’s unconscious knows it well that what is the shape and form, inner stimuli and the movement style of every
    particle of the universe. This knowledge is beyond the reach of human conscious because the man is not familiar with
    the method of studying his unconscious. If we could develop the ability to study our unconscious then studying the
    innate formation, movements, activities of every particle would become very easy. Name of the first ability to study the
    intrinsic senses of the universe, according to the spiritualists, is to know the Ethereal Realm (Kashf-ul-joo).
    Page 11 of 163
    In the given example of the essay writer it was elaborated; when the writer sits down for writing an essay, the substance
    of the essay existing in the Unconscious transfers into the mind and when the Conscious gets attentive towards the
    substance of the essay, the essay taking the form of words and phrases transfers upon the paper. According to the
    spiritual point of view, existence of the essay is not confined in Time and Space. The essay already existed in the
    Unconscious whether it was written thousands of years ago or it would be produced thousands of years hence.
    When the holy command Be (Kun) was pronounced by God, whatsoever that was required to exist, from the very
    Beginning to the End, came into existence in its sequential order. That is, the whole program about the creation of the
    universe along with all the creative formulae, its components, and their existence in the past, present and future, came
    into being when God commanded it to be. Anything that is manifested, whether it is existing presently, manifested in
    the past or will ever exist in the future, is only a manifestation of the program that had came into being after God had
    proclaimed it to be. It means that nothing can exist in the universe that does not exist already.
    A thinking approach has been mentioned in context of the Correlation of Unity. One who enjoys this type of thinking
    pattern believes firmly that we are the creatures and God is our fashioner; God is He, who is the only one of its kind
    and is unrivaled in His attributes. When this thinking approach is established one starts believing with certitude that
    whatsoever has happened in the past, exists presently or will ever happen, is only a display of the program after it was
    commanded to be. The holy prophet of Islam; Mohammad (P.B.U.H) has said, “ The Pen dried after writing”.
    When the Correlation of Unity deepens further, the other thing that transpires is that for the proper understanding of
    anything and for reaching its core, one has to be impartial and neutral. If a mind is not neutral and impartial,
    preferences and favorites tend to corrupt the judgment and the reality can never be explored.
    Everybody enjoys two types of thinking approach or to be more exact, everybody has two angles of thinking approach.
    Firstly, when one thinks rising above one’s own self and in other, one thinks with the reference of one’s own self only.
    One who considers a problem in view of one’s own self, no matter how deeply it is taken into consideration, the realty
    never transpire upon such a person. And, the one who goes for solution of a problem after rising above one’s self gets
    to the reality.
    Curiosity and the quest for reality has been bestowed upon every individual so that every one of the individuals,
    groups, class or a nation should be able to understand the affairs properly for reaching accurate decisions.

    • Michael Cleveland

      So full of logical holes and unsupported assumptions that a school child should be able to take it apart. Really, a guru who can’t do any better than this tripe should retreat back to his mountain top and seal the cave entrance, or go back to selling term life insurance (no offense intended to life insurance salesmen anywhere, at least not to those who aren’t pretending to be purveyors of spiritual truths).

    • Michael Cleveland

      Can’t let this go unrebutted. So if an essay exists elsewhere before it is put on paper, that means either that it is perforce a good essay, or that all essays, good and bad, pre-exist in this place. That begs the question “Why?” Why would there be purpose to the pre-existence of bad essays to tap into in the great void? And if one exists, does that not imply that both good and bad versions of the same essay exist? Or is it not more sane to believe that the essay derives from the knowledge and skills of the writer? If what you say is true, then you should be able to tap into your “place” and give a scientifically sound exposition on quantum gravity (or an unsound one, if both versions exist). Your other arguments break down early and very completely with the phrase “this proves….”. It doesn’t.

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