Stonehenge Would've Made a Good Dance Club

By Nina Bai | January 7, 2009 7:32 pm

stonehengeWhatever our prehistoric ancestors were doing at Stonehenge, they were probably doing it to trance music, suggests a new study.  Researchers conducted the first mathematical analysis of Stonehenge’s acoustical properties and found that, at its prime, the Bronze Age structure would’ve been the perfect venue for fast-tempo jams.

Since only about a third of the original 80 monoliths that made up Stonehenge are still standing, researchers Rupert Till and Bruno Fazenda used the next best thing: a full-scale concrete replica of Stonehenge located in Washington state.  Acoustic tests at the replica site as well as computer simulations showed that a fast tempo of about 160 beats per minute—think trance, or samba, or your heartbeat after some energetic dancing—coincide with the echoes reflected by the stone structures.

The architects of Stonehenge may have been well aware of these and other acoustic effects when they designed the structure.  Previous studies have shown that the site selectively amplifies and contains higher-pitched sounds, like human voices, while allowing lower-pitched sounds, like drums, to travel far beyond the stones.

Till suggests that early users of Stonehenge would’ve played a rhythm that matched the echoes, or some multiple of it, to take advantage of the cool acoustics.  Though the original purpose of the iconic site is still up to debate—some say it was a healing center, others say a meeting place between the living and the dead—ritual music likely would have been involved.  No word yet on whether there was head-banging at Stonehenge, too.

Related Content:
DISCOVER: Houses of the Holy, homes unearthed near Stonehenge

Image: flickr / dannysullivan

MORE ABOUT: acoustics, music, Stonehenge
  • Gary Ansorge

    In 1993, I and several other musicians discovered a park in San Pedro, Calif with a mothballed nuclear missile silo. The exhaust channel leading off from the launch silo had some really interesting acoustic effects. We discovered that my drum, which was tuned to a C, when played at the end of the tunnel, produced a decaying tone that sounded like,,,”OAM,,,”, the ostensible original sound of creation(Hindu). Taken in the context of a nuclear missile installation, it implied creation and destruction as conjoined twins. We thought it was really cool.

    Gary 7

  • http://www.sciencebase.com David Bradley

    Picture the Stonehenge soundcheck: hairy guy, mead-belly, wode tattoos, and a Motorhead skin shouting – “testing, ugg, ugg”

    By the way, did it go up to “11”?

  • http://pwnsyou.com pwnage

    Man, i am a trance lover. It would be cool to actually see that tested by Armin or Above & Beyond.

    PS: Don’t try to understand, it requires trance culture :P

  • http://www.celestialelf.co.uk celestial elf

    Hahaha,
    but seriously, im sure music was part of the rituals held there….
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TbaHHQFxW50

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