Huge Filament 50 Times Size of Earth Erupts from Sun

By Tom Yulsman | August 30, 2013 1:45 pm

Screenshot from an animation showing a filament about to erupt from the sun on Aug. 29, 2013. Note the image of Earth at upper right for scale. The animation is from NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory spacecraft. (Source: Helioviewer.org)

A twisted rope of gas more than 50 Earths across roiled above the sun’s photosphere yesterday and then erupted, spewing billions of tons of particles out into space at millions of miles per hour.

NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory captured the action. The screenshot above is from an animation of the filament eruption viewed by SDO in extreme ultraviolet light. Click on it to watch the animation.

Below you’ll find other views of the eruption, so make sure to keep reading.

Filaments appear dark against the sun’s surface because they are made up of cooler and denser plasma than their surroundings. (When seen against the blackness of space, they appear bright and are called prominences.)

These features are secured to the sun’s surface, or photosphere, by magnetic fields, but they can extend far outward in arches, loops and bridge-like structures. When the whole structure becomes unstable, it can burst, releasing the plasma.

Here’s a closeup view the plasma bursting outward into space from yesterday’s filament eruption:

Material from eruptions like this can damage satellites and endanger astronauts. And by buffeting Earth’s protective geomagnetic field, the particles can cause disruption to radio communications, navigation systems and electrical distribution systems. Not to worry though. The Space Weather Prediction Center is not forecasting any significant impacts from this filament eruption.

Here’s a broader view of the event, seen in an extreme ultraviolet wavelength of light useful for seeing detail in the sun’s corona, or outer atmosphere. Make sure to look for a long bright area blossoming on the sun’s surface after the filament erupts:

I think this view really emphasizes the roiling nature of the filament just before it erupts.

Lastly, check out this view from the LASCO instrument on another spacecraft, the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory, or SOHO. Watch for the material bursting out from the sun in a coronal mass ejection, or CME:

LASCO is a kind of telescope that uses a solid disk to cover up the sun, thereby blocking out direct sunlight and allowing details in the sun’s corona to be seen.

CATEGORIZED UNDER: Astronomy, select, Sun, Top Posts
NEW ON DISCOVER
OPEN
CITIZEN SCIENCE
ADVERTISEMENT

Discover's Newsletter

Sign up to get the latest science news delivered weekly right to your inbox!

ImaGeo

ImaGeo is a visual blog focusing on the intersection of imagery, imagination and Earth. It focuses on spectacular visuals related to the science of our planet, with an emphasis (although not an exclusive one) on the unfolding Anthropocene Epoch.

About Tom Yulsman

Tom Yulsman is Director of the Center for Environmental Journalism and a Professor of Journalism at the University of Colorado, Boulder. He also continues to work as a science and environmental journalist with more than 30 years of experience producing content for major publications. His work has appeared in the New York Times, Washington Post, Audubon, Climate Central, Columbia Journalism Review, Discover, Nieman Reports, and many other publications. He has held a variety of editorial positions over the years, including a stint as editor-in-chief of Earth magazine. Yulsman has written one book: Origins: the Quest for Our Cosmic Roots, published by the Institute of Physics in 2003.

ADVERTISEMENT

See More

ADVERTISEMENT
Collapse bottom bar
+

Login to your Account

X
E-mail address:
Password:
Remember me
Forgot your password?
No problem. Click here to have it e-mailed to you.

Not Registered Yet?

Register now for FREE. Registration only takes a few minutes to complete. Register now »