A chunk of interplanetary debris recently slammed into Mars and left this fresh crater and spray of ejecta

By Tom Yulsman | January 5, 2017 2:43 pm
Mars

A small crater and surrounding blast zone on Mars, as imaged by the HiRISE instrument on NASA’s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter on November 27, 2016. (Source: NASA/JPL/University of Arizona)

Small asteroids and chunks of cometary debris frequently slam into the surface of Mars, gouging out new craters. Thanks to a high resolution camera aboard NASA’s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, scientists can often spot such impacts relatively soon after they occur.

The image above, acquired by the orbiter’s High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment is a compelling example. It shows a crater and blast zone from an impact that likely occurred as recently as this past August, and no later than January 2014, according to HiRISE scientists.

The crater is about 13 feet acrossis about 13 across. That means the asteroid or comet fragment that gouged it out was probably about three to six feet across.

I’m drawing that inference based on a 2013 study.  HiRISE images showed that every year, the Red Planet is bombarded by more than 200 asteroids or comet chunks — and these typically measure three to six feet in diameter, with resulting craters at least 12.8 feet wide.

Mars gets blasted with such small chunks of interplanetary debris quite frequently because its atmosphere is thinner than our own. Here on Earth, asteroids and cometary bits that small tend to burn up before reaching the surface.

Before the incredibly high resolution images provided by HiRISE, it was difficult if not impossible for instruments in orbit to pick out the small craters carved into the Martian surface by such diminutive impactors.

And that’s not all that HiRISE has been able to spot on the Martian surface…

Mars

Source: NASA/JPL-Caltech/Univ. of Arizona

It also recently spied the impact site where the European Space Agency’s Schiaparelli test lander crashed into the Red Planet. The image above, acquired by HiRISE on Oct. 25, 2016, shows the area, with magnified insets of three sites where components of the spacecraft slammed into the ground.

The Schiaparelli lander was supposed to touch down gently on the surface of Mars on Oct. 19, 2016. Unfortunately, its rockets shut down while it was far above the landing site, and it crashed at about 180 miles per hour.

The Schiaparelli test lander was one half of ESA’s ExoMars project. Fortunately, the other half  — the Trace Gas Orbiter — successfully made it into orbit around Mars on the same date. It began gathering data and imagery in earnest in November, including a lovely image of Phobos, one of Mars’ two moons.

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  • Jerry Jewel

    LOVE NASA!!!

  • Mike Richardson

    Fascinating! It’s one thing to see ancient impact craters in photos of Mars, but quite another to witness the appearance of new features in current surveillance of the planet. It gives you an idea of just how frequently Mars gets struck by space debris, including the stuff we send there!

  • Michael Duke

    The on board computer should have made a virtual landing on Mars before it was even launched. It would have still crashed but it would have been much cheaper. Also, the mistake could have been corrected and the lander saved.

    • OWilson

      I wouldn’t want to be the first human to go to Mars, under the current Administration’s NASA policies of “Muslim Outreach”, “Global Warming”, and hitching a ride with their dear old pal Putin to the International Space Station.

      Just sayin’ :)

      • http://almashriq.hiof.no/lebanon/300/320/324/324.2/hizballah/ Sons of Ares

        Are you naturally this stupid or do you practice?

        • OWilson

          Ah. our first volunteer! :)

  • Michael Duke

    200 Three to four foot asteroid impacts that left 13′ holes? Where do I cancel my reservation?

    • megan-james

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  • Richard

    This is exactly how pieces of Mars and the Moon, as well as Asteroid Vesta and other Stone Chondrite Meteorites end up here on Earth. I have quite the collection, bought them all here: http://www.interstellarstore.com/buy-meteorites it is nuts to think you can actually hold pieces of planets that only rovers have landed on!

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ImaGeo

ImaGeo is a visual blog focusing on the intersection of imagery, imagination and Earth. It focuses on spectacular visuals related to the science of our planet, with an emphasis (although not an exclusive one) on the unfolding Anthropocene Epoch.

About Tom Yulsman

Tom Yulsman is Director of the Center for Environmental Journalism and a Professor of Journalism at the University of Colorado, Boulder. He also continues to work as a science and environmental journalist with more than 30 years of experience producing content for major publications. His work has appeared in the New York Times, Washington Post, Audubon, Climate Central, Columbia Journalism Review, Discover, Nieman Reports, and many other publications. He has held a variety of editorial positions over the years, including a stint as editor-in-chief of Earth magazine. Yulsman has written one book: Origins: the Quest for Our Cosmic Roots, published by the Institute of Physics in 2003.

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