Images from space reveal the beauty and potentially deadly nature of Typhoon Noru, Earth’s strongest storm of 2017

By Tom Yulsman | August 2, 2017 4:01 pm
U.S. Astronaut Randy Bresnik took this photograph of Typhoon Noru from the International Space Station. (Source: Randy Bresnik/@AstroKomrade via Twitter)

U.S. Astronaut Randy Bresnik took this photograph of Typhoon Noru from the International Space Station. (Source: Randy Bresnik/@AstroKomrade via Twitter)

After a very long and strange trip, powerful Typhoon Noru has turned toward Japan.

As of Wednesday afternoon in the U.S., the storm’s maximum sustained winds were pegged at about 115 miles per hour, putting it in Category 3 territory. It now looks like Noru will come ashore on Saturday in the northern reaches of the Ryukyu Islands, which stretch to the south of Japan’s main islands in a gentle arc.

The forecast from the Joint Typhoon Warning Center, which is reflected in the graphic below, then takes the storm northward across Kyushu Island, where the city of Nagasaki is located, and then out into the Sea of Japan. But some forecast models show Noru bending to the northeast, which would take it on a potentially deadly march up along the main part of Japan. As the Associated Press reports:

Japan has already endured several spates of extreme weather this summer, with heavy rains triggering deadly landslides on Kyushu in June that killed 37 people and left six missing. Torrential rains in northern Japan flooded parts of northern Honshu island in late July.

Noru

An animation of satellite imagery shows Typhoon Noru with its projected track. (Source: CIMSS)

Tomorrow (Thursday, Aug. 3rd), Noru will start on its third week as a tropical cyclone. After its birth on July 20th, Noru meandered aimlessly in the Pacific at no more than Category 1 strength. After doing a do-si-do with a tropical storm it weakened into a tropical storm.

But when it wandered into an environment with low wind shear plus very warm surface waters at close to 30°C (86°F), Noru exploded into a roaring Super Typhoon with winds swirling at 160 mph. That made it Earth’s strongest storm of the year so far.

Since then, Noru has weakened a bit. But it is still one impressive storm, as remarkable photographs taken from the International Space Station by astronaut Randy Bresnik show. Check out the one at the top of this post, and also make sure to click on this one:

Noru

A second image of Typhoon Noru as photographed by astronaut Randy Bresnik aboard the International Space Station. (Source: Randy Bresnike/@AstroKomrade via Twitter)

Japan’s Himawari-8 satellite also has had a great view of the storm. Here’s an animation of Himawari-8 images covering about nine hours starting at dawn on Aug. 2, 2017:

Noru

An animation of imagery from Japan’s Himawari-8 satellite shows Typhoon Noru in the Pacific Ocean south of Japan. (Source: Japan Meteorological Agency via RAMMB/CIRA)

Make sure to click on the screenshot above to watch the animation. The high resolution of the imagery reveals fine details, including relatively small vortices in Noru’s eye and eye wall. (For a detailed explanation of these vortical swirls, go here.)

I’ve labeled the next image, also from Himawari-8, to provide the geographic context:

Noru

Typhoon Noru, as seen by Japan’s Himawari-8 satellite. (Source: Japan Meteorological Agency via RAMMB/CIRA)

More than the other images, this one reveals just how huge the storm really is.

I’ll finish with these additional images of Typhoon Noru, as seen from space and posted to social media:

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  • Erik Bosma

    Apparently you know how to use imagery exactly as it should be used. Fine article, Tom, and the images do it justice. (Still on my knees.)

    • Tom Yulsman

      Many thanks! (But don’t you think the blues in the photos from the space station are way overdone? Shame on those astronauts for pumping up the saturation! ;-)))

  • Dylan Westra

    Thank you this looks awesome :) geuss who is living on kyushu though… Time to stock up food

  • jonathanpulliam

    Kami Kaze. Divine Wind.
    Urgent
    Time to evacuate Seoul.
    Hi, Cu!
    Oy, yo

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ImaGeo

ImaGeo is a visual blog focusing on the intersection of imagery, imagination and Earth. It focuses on spectacular visuals related to the science of our planet, with an emphasis (although not an exclusive one) on the unfolding Anthropocene Epoch.

About Tom Yulsman

Tom Yulsman is Director of the Center for Environmental Journalism and a Professor of Journalism at the University of Colorado, Boulder. He also continues to work as a science and environmental journalist with more than 30 years of experience producing content for major publications. His work has appeared in the New York Times, Washington Post, Audubon, Climate Central, Columbia Journalism Review, Discover, Nieman Reports, and many other publications. He has held a variety of editorial positions over the years, including a stint as editor-in-chief of Earth magazine. Yulsman has written one book: Origins: the Quest for Our Cosmic Roots, published by the Institute of Physics in 2003.

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