Religion Rises After Disaster Strikes

By Neuroskeptic | December 26, 2012 1:37 pm

People turn to religion after natural disasters – but it doesn’t actually provide much solace.

So say researchers Sibley and Bulbulia, who examined the population of Christchurch, New Zealand, before and after the 2011 earthquake. 185 died and many city landmarks were damaged in the disaster.

The paper, Faith after an Earthquake, opens with a Biblical quote.

Sibley and Bulbulia took advantage of the fact that a longitudinal study of the ‘health and values’ of the New Zealanders was already underway when the quake struck, and the survey included questionnaires about religious beliefs.

They found that, compared to before the event, residents of the affected Canterbury region were more likely to report becoming religious (8.6%) than of losing their faith (5.3%); in the rest of the country religion declined from 2009 to 2011, so the earthquake-hit area was exceptional.

The authors say:

Philosophers have plausibly argued that natural disasters such as the Christchurch earthquake are rationally incompatible with the existence of an all-powerful, all-loving God, because natural disasters cause pointless suffering to innocents… though faith eroded elsewhere in New Zealand, there was a significant upturn in religious faith among those who experienced the misery of New Zealand’s most lethal natural disaster in eighty years.

But did faith help people cope with the disaster?

No – believers reported no better subjective well-being compared to the non-religious, either before or after the earthquake, although those who both lost their faith (apostates) during the period and were personally affected suffered a decline.

What’s rather odd about this, however, is that other results showed that apart from the apostates, well-being wasn’t affected by the earthquake at all. So it’s no surprise that the religious coped no better: the irreligious already coped very well, so there was no room for improvement.

ResearchBlogging.orgSibley, C., and Bulbulia, J. (2012).Faith after an Earthquake: A Longitudinal Study of Religion and Perceived Health before and after the 2011 Christchurch New Zealand Earthquake PLoS ONE, 7 (12) DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0049648

CATEGORIZED UNDER: mental health, papers, religionism, surveys
  • blackbook doc

    Is that so strange that many people will want to look for an afterlife paradise and a God'will meaning of a disaster after such a devastating earthquake?

    On the other hand, Voltaire wrote that the by Lisbonne earthquake made an agnostic out of him forever. Henceforth the great man lost comfort from the church and from the church attending. luckily he kept his moral using sarcasms and making money and potent friends…

  • http://www.blogger.com/profile/13304729731231255545 Torbjörn Larsson, OM

    No, its' not strange that there is an upturn in religiosity, Paul & Gregory's theory on religion observes that it is codependent on dysfunctional (insecure) societies.

    What is strange is that they use insecure means (belief) and feel no better. It is a learned reaction, it seems.

  • http://www.blogger.com/profile/18379669883853001278 TheCellularScale

    Maybe disasters drive people to want 'community' which can easily be found at church. Was religiousness measured by 'do you go to church?' type questions or more 'personal faith' type questions?

  • Anonymous

    Does nobody moderate the spam?
    Areeba Khan is obviously a spammer.

  • http://www.blogger.com/profile/06647064768789308157 Neuroskeptic

    Yes I do, but there's a lot of it and I can't delete it when I'm asleep.

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About Neuroskeptic

Neuroskeptic is a British neuroscientist who takes a skeptical look at his own field, and beyond. His blog offers a look at the latest developments in neuroscience, psychiatry and psychology through a critical lens.

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