20 Years Later, Andy Revkin Responds to Groundbreaking Global Warming Story

By Melissa Lafsky | June 23, 2008 8:26 am

revExactly twenty years ago, on June 23, 1988, James E. Hansen of the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies testified to a Senate committee that he could state with “99 percent confidence” that a recent, persistent rise in global temperature was occurring, and had long been expected. That landmark statement, and the dawn of the global warming discussion, was covered by Andy Revkin, then a DISCOVER senior editor and now an environmental reporter for The New York Times. (More discussion of Hansen’s testimony can be found on Revkin’s blog.) Revkin kindly agreed to take our questions about his piece.

Q: How, if at all, were the 1988 predictions wrong?

A: Not much was really wrong. The range of warming projected—a doubling of greenhouse gas concentrations from the preindustrial norm—remains similar today.

The things that were uncertain in 1988 remain uncertain now, including the mix of warming and cooling influences in clouds. As Steve Schneider, a climate modeler at the National Center for Atmospheric Research in Boulder, Colorado—who is still a frequent source of mine—put it in 1988:

“Clouds are an important factor about which little is known… When I first started looking at this in 1972, we didn’t know much about the feedback from clouds. We don’t know any more now than we did then.”

The estimates for sea-level rise in the article were three to six feet (for doubling of greenhouse gases) and that estimate, officially at least, has gone down. But some experts still see a real chance of one or two meters of sea-level rise within a century, so it hasn’t gone away.

Kerry Emanuel, the hurricane expert at MIT, predicted up to a 50 percent rise in the intensity of strong cyclones then, and has since scaled that projection way back.

The mix of impacts predicted for agriculture in tropical and temperate regions is pretty much unchanged.

One thing entirely absent from the discussion at that time was nonlinear change. That’s because the important ice cores had not yet been pulled from Greenland, showing dizzyingly fast changes in climate at the end of the last ice age (later linked to circulation changes in the ocean). In those days, all the curves looking forward were gently sloping.

Another absent concept was ocean acidification. The issue arose out of climate science, so the basic chemistry of CO2 in water hadn’t really hit people.

Q: You wrote in the article that “some parts of the world could benefit from climate change.” Do you still think this is true?

A: Yes. Last year’s IPCC reports made it clear that longer growing seasons and increased precipitation in middle latitudes would—at least up until mid-century—likely benefit agriculture overall. Many people, including many scientists, look to warming in Russia as a potential boon. My 2007 “Climate Divide” series in The New York Times pointed out that, at least in terms of climate impacts, the world is definitely not flat.

Q: Did you have any doubts, while you were working on the piece, about the accuracy of the science?

A: I think the piece had an appropriate level of caveat, and I still find myself citing Steve Schneider’s statement that I quoted, which emphasized the importance of uncertainty as a reason for action:

“We’re altering the environment far faster than we can possibly predict the consequences… This is bound to lead to some surprises.”

Q: Have you had any doubts since then?

A: My stories have become slightly more nuanced over the years, as the body of science on particular questions—hurricane intensity, the rate of sea rise, regional climate change—has evolved. Back then, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change had only just been conceived, mind you, so the whole field was nascent and ideas had not yet been rigorously tested. But the basics remain robust, as I’ve been writing a lot lately on my blog and in print: More CO2 equals a warming world, which equals less ice plus higher seas plus lots of changing climate patterns (and now a dropping pH in seawater).

Q: How was the article received in the scientific community, and among your readers? Was there any fallout?

A: I really don’t recall much about reader reaction. There had been quite a bit of coverage during that summer, so it wasn’t a total shock to anyone.

Q: Has it been frustrating, watching the sluggish response to climate change over the past twenty years? Did you expect that more of an effort to halt/curb the problem would be underway by 2008?

A: I’ve written many pieces since then about the extraordinary nature of this problem and why it is so hard for the public, and political systems, to act meaningfully now to curb a long-term risk. It is very much like the movie Groundhog Day sometimes. Waking up and starting all over again.

I do think I conveyed at the time just how hard dealing with this issue was going to be. It’s interesting to see now that [the piece] accurately predicted that the first greenhouse gas to be dealt with would be CFCs (which are also ozone destroyers).

But the story also accurately described what has since proved to be one of the greatest challenges to global warming—dealing with the emergence of China:

And even as the developed nations of the world cut back on fossil fuel use, there will be no justifiable way to prevent the Third World from expanding its use of coal and oil. How can the developed countries expect that China, for example, which has plans to double its coal production in the next 15 years in order to spur development, will be willing or even able to change course?

Q: Did you anticipate that there would be such vehement denial about the issue?

A: By 1992, as the first climate treaty was being negotiated, the skeptics had gotten into high gear, and while some skepticism served (and still serves) a valuable purpose, it was clear already by then that others were mainly raising doubts to delay action on emissions restrictions.

What’s been harder to accept—as a career science writer—is how few people seem to understand that uncertainty and dissent are both normal parts of the scientific journey, but not reasons to ignore a problem that has stood the test of time and scrutiny and still poses a clear risk worth mitigating.

[Read More: Hansen’s guest post at Gristmill]

CATEGORIZED UNDER: Climate Change, Energy

Comments (295)

  1. Alex

    Great interview. Moments of reflection are often lost in the ever-growing number of climate change reports, so it is particularly interesting to hear the thoughts of journalist who has watched the evolution of the debate for over two decades. I particularly appreciate Revkin’s candor regarding the asymmetric effects of climate change – an aspect of the issue that is often ignored.

  2. Danny Bloom

    Yes, great interview, very interesting perspective 20 years down THE ROAD. It’s amazing that Revkin was writing about all this in 1988…….long before most of us really took the threat seriously. Now it’s 2008. What will the world look like in 3008? If we don’t take action now?

  3. Strange no one has bothered to actually go back and look at the predictions Hansen made in his 1988 testimony?

    The last page of his prepared remarks had a historical time-series of global mean temperature through 1987, plus predictions for various scenarios through 2019.

    Well, we have 20 more years of data now – how do his predictions look so far? Wildly wrong.

    Check it out – all the data here:

    http://tinyurl.com/6cms9f

  4. If you are interested in climate change, you are invited to contribute to

    http://beautifulplanetearth.wikispaces.com/

    Together we want to come up with a coherent theory of climate change incorporating all scientific findings concerning the issue.

  5. Vangel

    Joseph Goebbels was a piker compared to Hansen when it comes to spinning the truth. The simple fact is that the 1988 predictions were horrible and have been falsified by the real world observations. The observed temperature increase was much lower than predicted and we are now looking at a cooling trend even though CO2 emissions have increased. Contrary to Hansen’s claim hurricane activity has not increased and even the IPCC disagrees with Hansen’s sea level claims.

    This is the same guy who was telling us in 1971 that we were facing an inevitable ice age. Given that he never apologized for getting that one wrong it is not surprising to see him deny that he was wrong once again.

  6. Shaithis

    “In a nutshell, theoretical models cannot explain what we observe in the geological record,” says oceanographer Gerald Dickens, study co-author and professor of Earth Science at Rice University in Houston. “There appears to be something fundamentally wrong with the way temperature and carbon are linked in climate models.”

    http://blogs.usatoday.com/sciencefair/2009/07/could-we-be-wrong-about-global-warming.html

  7. Tom Massey

    Mr. Revkin, please tell the truth. All of the predictions from 20 years ago are VERY VERY wrong. Please, Revkin, tell us ONE thing that Hansen properly predicted (aside from the public resistance to obey the brilliant scientists).

  8. It is extremely interesting for me to read the post. Thank author for it. I like such themes and everything that is connected to this matter. I definitely want to read more soon.

  9. Welcome to purchase online or contact us and we will be happy to provide you with the best quality service of replica rolex .
    replica watches paypal is loved by many young people.It’s one of hot items of our company.If you haven’t worn fake rolex watches you are missing out.They are fashiona and nice.

  10. Pass4sure is a professional training website in IT certification exam, having great renown for providing high quality and comprehensive study materials among the IT learners and candidates. Its 24*7 services, 100% pass guarantee and free demo positioned its leading stand in the IT certification industry.
    The Most Popular exams List :
    350-029 | 642-661 | 646-204 | 642-642 | 646-230 | 
    go to pass4sure to get more information!

  11. evaporation cupcake www 2009 research concentrations suggest possibly [url=http://www.buyerzone.com]1960 year referred[/url] http://www.calcars.org

  12. You will like the ugg boots,you will found More and more people choose cheap ugg boots.So you know that ugg series of the most famous is the ugg boots sale. I recommend you go to online store, there have a lot of Ugg Classic Short boots
    Bailey Button
    Ugg Classic Mini
    Ugg Classic Tall boots
    Ugg Classic Cardy
    Ugg Nightfall
    Bailey ugg Boots

  13. zkIccl toparwplukgo, [url=http://hcteuvpebpau.com/]hcteuvpebpau[/url], [link=http://qcbikfgnhgtq.com/]qcbikfgnhgtq[/link], http://ogmbxbypaygu.com/

  14. exemplary work. You have gained a new reader. I hope you can keep up the good work and I await more of these absorbing posts.

  15. rashood

    And even as the developed nations of the world cut back on fossil fuel use, there will be no justifiable way to prevent the Third World from expanding its use of coal and oil. How can the developed countries expect that China, affordable degree | Corllins University for example, which has plans to double its coal production in the next 15 years in order to spur development, will be willing or even able to change course? university degrees online | online phd degrees | honorary degree

  16. Earlier I just watched The Book of Eli movie in theaters and must say it is by far the most amazing movie I have seen in years, besides the new Avatar movie lol. I highly recommend it to anybody that has not gone to see it yet. The Book of Eli is easily one of my favorites right up there with the new movie Avatar. I couldnt wait to see it again so I tore through the interwebs to find an online streaming copy of The Book of Eli sshhh… Here is the only good link I found http://movie-moose.com/the-book-of-eli check it out fast though because based on its popularity I am not sure how much longer the link will stay up for. Happy Watching

  17. Rather nice blog you’ve got here. Thanks for it. I like such topics and anything that is connected to them. I would like to read more on that blog soon.

  18. Fexofenadine And Benadryl: Fexofenadine During Pregnancy (Fexofenadine During Pregnancy)
    Allegra Printing Providence: Allegra Oxborough (Allegra Broft)
    Phentermine K 25: Phentermine Fda (Phentermine V 5030)
    Omeprazole Magnesium Tablets: Omeprazole Best Price (Omeprazole India)
    Avandia Hypoglycemia: Avandia Hypoglycemia (Avandia News)
    Zetia Welchol: Zetia And Muscle Pain (Zetia And Heart Attacks)
    Reductil Nl: Reductil Order Online (Reductil Sibutramine)
    Meridia Quest: Meridia Mexico Real Estate For Sale (Meridia Weight Loss Drug)
    Actos Fatty Liver: Actos 45 Mg Price (Can Actos Be Crushed)
    Aldactone Espironolactona: Aldactone Effets Secondaires (Aldactone Treatment)

  19. measurements 20th reviews efforts treaty [url=http://www.cnn.com]disputed warmer place energy bush[/url] http://masonic-crusade.com

  20. Motrin For Babies: Motrin 600 (Motrin Cold)
    Valium For Muscle Spasms: Valium Lyrics Mute Math (Valium Panic Attacks)
    Yasmin Gallbladder: Yasmin Levy Lyrics (Yasmin Deliz Height)
    Prevacid Lansoprazole: Prevacid Generic Equivalent (Prevacid Otc Cost)
    Propoxyphene Hcl Apap: Propoxyphene Fda Advisory (Propoxyphene Buy)
    Carisoprodol 350 Mg Tablet Wat: Carisoprodol Compound (Carisoprodol Back Pain)
    Isotretinoin How It Works: Isotretinoin Eczema (Isotretinoin Accutane)
    Tamsulosin In India: Tamsulosin Capsules (Tamsulosin In Females)
    Zyprexa Yahoo Answers: Zyprexa Medication Guide (Zyprexa Yahoo Answers)
    Tamsulosin And Cataract Surgery: Tamsulosin Action (Tamsulosin Nephrolithiasis)

  21. Thanks for this cool post. Anyway i found your blog on google and find it very useful. I’ll be sure to come back again for more!

  22. Great site we have taken the time to bookmark it so we can come back.

  23. Phenergan Pregnancy Category: Phenergan Uk (Phenergan Anti Nausea)
    Topamax 200 Mg: Topamax Topiramate (Topamax Class Action Lawsuit)
    Misoprostol And Iud Insertion: Misoprostol How To Take (Misoprostol Ethiopia)
    Avandia Lawsuit Settlements: Avandia Pi (Avandia For Pcos)
    Effexor Loss Of Appetite: Generic Effexor Er (Effexor For Menopause)
    Avodart With Flomax: Avodart Retrograde Ejaculation (Avodart Cancer Prevention)
    Amoxil For Uti: Amoxil 250 Mg (Amoxil For Bronchitis)
    Buy Tenuate Dospan Without Prescription: Buy Tenuate Online (Order Tenuate Without A Prescription)
    Premarin Tablet Colors: Premarin Patch (Premarin Use In Males)
    Tegretol Pregnancy Category: Tegretol For Seizures (Tegretol For Anxiety)

  24. ghd kiss

    Especially when one’s ghd life revolves around attending ghd kiss meetings and socializing with the creme de la creme of the corporate world it is doubly ghd mk4 important to be well shoesed.Godcreatedthehuman

  25. ghd mini styler

    Oh. This is a ghds very good article. Thank you ghd hair for taking the time ghd mini styler to write these articles.Godcreatedthehuman

  26. mbt shoes sale

    This is discount mbt shoes a good article, everyone should mbt shoes sale be lots recommendation. Welcome fitness shoes mbt to our web site guest. Godcreatedthehuman

  27. Interesting post. I know it’s a little off topic but what theme are you using? I’ve been trying to make my own custom one for a BlogEngine powered domain (like yours) and wanted to have a quick look at the css your theme is uses.

  28. Interesting post. I know it’s a little unrelated but what theme are you using? I’ve been trying to make my own custom one for a BlogEngine powered domain (like yours) and want to have a peek at the css your theme is uses.

  29. Tamoxifen Liver Damage: Tamoxifen For Ovarian Cancer (Tamoxifen Liver Damage)
    Buy Bupropion Without Prescription: Bupropion Sr 150 Mg (Bupropion Benefits)
    Strivectin Where To Buy: Strivectin Facial Anti Oxidant Review (Strivectin Sd Eye Cream)
    Arimidex Leading Ladies: Arimidex Drug Class (Arimidex Manufacturer)
    Aciphex Mexico: Aciphex Package Insert (Aciphex And Weight Gain)
    Meridia Yahoo Answers: Meridia (Meridia Scout)
    Azithromycin Strep Throat: Azithromycin Strep Throat (Azithromycin Ngu)
    Prozac Zoloft And Paxil Are Called: Prozac Milkshake Lyrics (Prozac Panic Attacks)
    Estrogen Hair Loss: Estrogen Vision (Low Estrogen Young Women)
    Plavix And Alcohol: Plavix Moa (Plavix Half Life)

  30. Ultracet 325 Mg: What Is The Drug Ultracet Used For (Ultracet Classification)
    Amoxicillin Gluten Free: Amoxicillin Yellow Teeth (Amoxicillin 1000 Mg)
    Cardizem Weight Gain: Cardizem Dose For Atrial Fibrillation (Cardizem Extended Release)
    Buy Azithromycin 1 G: Azithromycin Rash Pictures (Azithromycin With Food)
    Allegra School Of Music: Allegra Wine (Allegra Leguizamo)
    Zolpidem Manufacturers: Zolpidem Water Solubility (Zolpidem And Pregnancy)
    Clindamycin Phosphate Lotion: Clindamycin During Pregnancy (Clindamycin Phosphate Topical Gel)
    Niacin Urine Drug Test: Niacin Jazz (Niacin Vitamin B3)
    Doxycycline Lyme Disease: Doxycycline Iv (Doxycycline Iv)
    Effexor Use For Hot Flashes: Effexor Patient Assistance Program (Effexor Patient Assistance Program)

  31. Good post. I know it’s a bit off topic but what theme are you using? I’ve been trying to make my own custom theme for a WordPress powered website (like yours) and I’d like to have a peek at the code your theme is uses.

  32. fate

    I bought rimonbant online – http://www.medsheaven.com and it was really amazing!!

  33. EmTJbp kqauypihqnmn, [url=http://rncrccetpcem.com/]rncrccetpcem[/url], [link=http://ptqdjpbzufmq.com/]ptqdjpbzufmq[/link], http://tcfyuurbiliu.com/

  34. Thanks for the gallstone information.

  35. cafesa

    online filmleri izle film izle, indirmeden bedava olarak sinema izleme imkanı sinema izle, ücretsiz sinemalar bedava film izle, son ve yeni çıkan filmleri izleyin film, yerli ve yabancı filmler indirmeden izle, güncellenen film sayfaları film seyret, internetten film izleyin sinema seyret, hadi sende film izlesene film izle seyret, thefilmizle.net ile film izle thefilmizle, bedava ve online olarak sinema film izle, full film izleme keyfi film izle, bedava filmler sinema izle, donmadan hemen izle film, türkçe dublaj olarak indirmeden ve canlı sinemalar film seyret, en çok izlenen filmler izlesene film, vizyona giren ilk filmler izle, full filmler bedava film izle, üstelik full ve ücretsiz izlenebilir full film izle hergün eklenen dizileri izleyin dizi izle, full ve canlı diziler full dizi, tvde kaçırdım diye üzülme fulldizi

  36. Swtjra http://tjfhhy.com/ MXsnio [url=http://wrjnxj.com/]MXsnio[/url]

  37. Good post! Thanks for your information! ed hardy ed hardy ed hardy clothing ed hardy clothing ed hardy jeans ed hardy jeans ed hardy uk ed hardy uk ed hardy bags ed hardy bags ed hardy shirts ed hardy shirts ed hardy swimwear ed hardy swimwear ed hardy hoodies ed hardy hoodies ed hardy tops ed hardy tops ed hardy t shirts ed hardy t shirts ed hardy shoes ed hardy shoes christian audigier christian audigier ed hardy mens ed hardy mens ed hardy womens ed hardy womens ed hardy kids ed hardy kids ed hardy accessories ed hardy accessories ed hardy

  38. we China Wholesale Wholesale NHL Jerseys China cheap from china,Wholesale NHL Jerseys ChinaWholesale NHL Jerseys China,NHL Jerseys China,Cheap NHL Jerseys from china, Wholesale Security Camera,Wholesale NBA Jerseys,canadiens jersey,nhl apparel,buy nhl jerseys online;jerseys for sale.buy nhl jerseys online discount ,cheap nfl jerseys,nfl Cheap Football Jerseys ,nfl jerseys shop,discount nfl jerseys,nfl jerseys from china,nfl jerseys for sale,china nfl jerseys,nfl jerseys for kids,replica nfl jerseys,authentic Wholesale ,nfl jerseys for cheap; from china. more large order nhl jerseys for cheap. replica nhl jerseys for sale. authentic nfl China Wholesalers Wholesale Baby MonitorsWholesale Spy Cameras Wholesale Spy Camera.

  39. Real world, that’s certain. You provide a very good outlook on stuff, I will be sure to check back often.

  40. Hello, just considered i would enlighten you some thing.. This is twofold these days i

  41. Hi , when viewing at your web site i see some sort of unusual codes all through the page, in case it

  42. Your page certainly was one of the best points of my Wednesday. I was initially on Bing searching for some thing 100 % not related when the title captured my attention. I

  43. 4, list of dating sites in uk, =-O, look-a-likes for dating, wnsfgv, jewish dating sf, =DD, uk webcam dating, :-PPP, speed dating in hull uk, wbfb, sex dating in sublett kentucky, 41136, black on line dating sites, >:-DDD, speed dating lion compass, odl, is natalie portman dating anyone, 9346, online dating services hawi hawaii, qdib,

  44. Great information! We provide cleanroom testing for more than 15 years in Istanbul / Turkey.

  45. studies variation seasonal trend digital january [url=http://www.superfans.net]away security estimates[/url] http://www.indeed.com

  46. Cheap and Quality Prescription Glasses from http://www.cheapglasses123.com

    Steps of Buying Glasses Online

    Knowing the widely propagated benefits of buying glasses online, more and more eyewear users opt to switch to this source. In fact, online eyewear stores are absolutely capable of offering eyeglasses or contact lenses with good quality. This is simply because the final source of either an online vendor or a local store is the same, say, optical manufacturers. But an advantage kept by online shops is that they usually have a larger inventory. Other benefits of purchasing eyeglasses online contain competitive prices, quick delivery, and no office visit and so on. While most of these advantages have been commonly acknowledged by the public, there are still necessary steps of how to buy eyeglasses online. Currently, part of the Internet is filled with prescription glasses stores of various sizes and different degrees of fame. Without certain steps or guideline, it can be quite deficient while buying glasses online. This problem is also magnified by the wide variety of eyeglass options. In some cases, purchasing glasses online without enough tips would offset the convenience granted by this source.

    There are different ways to buy glasses online. But for those with little knowledge of online glasses stores, the main tool is search engine like Google.com or Yahoo.com. It is worth mentioning that different eyewear products require customers to input different key words. When a customer wants to buy fashion eyeglasses, the most efficient way is to type the exact brand name. The search engine will return many destination websites who contain the wanted products. It is obvious that online vendors listed in the first page or pages are more popular among online buyers. It is recommendable to choose one from such a group. Dissimilarly, it is more effective to type eyeglass types when a customer plans to buy prescription and non-branded eyeglasses. Those key phrases include metal frame eyeglasses, polycarbonate lenses, and rimless glasses and so on. The reason is that nearly all online websites selling prescription or non-branded spectacles organize their products in a way different from branded stores.

    Getting several target websites from a search engine, the next step is to evaluate their prices one by one. Most online shops enable customers to make searches at the website for specific products. Some people would think it is time-consuming to visit each websites. In this case, price- comparison websites are helpful. It is also necessary to read details of shipping and return or refund at the target website. In case of a problem associated with the product, this information is needed.

    Cheapglasses123.com is the emerging online optical store selling high quality eyewear, such as prescription glasses (single vision myopic glasses, reading glasses, bifocal and progressive glasses etc.,), prescription sunglasses (with RX tinted lenses), prescription sports goggles. CheapGlasses123.com guarantees lowest possible price in the market.

  47. 7, glucophage and cardiac caths, 26323, interpret ecstasy of, 556, benefits of legalizing marijuana, %))), hippocampus alcohol post acute withdrawal, 23484, margolin attorney los angeles marijuana possession, =]], toegestane wettelijke hoeveelheid alcohol, 8[[, margolin attorney los angeles marijuana possession, otf, diphenhydramine vs fexofenadine, =-PP, high alcohol tequila, kamdti, cook crack from cocaine, 238423,

  48. 4, Bingo Themes, 374, 2007 Poker Series Winner World, 41142, Harrah’s Cherokee Hotel Casino, xifaq, Operating Blackjack, bkzbw, Roulette Enterprises, imx, Houston Lake Charles Casino Bus, 50884, Cashbreak Free Bingo Game, dasje, Taxes Report Poker Bonuses, >:((, Famous Grifters At Casino, sdc, Casino Beach Lake Worth Texas, 08063,

  49. very informative article – needs more pictures though

  50. 5, Echeck Casinos, 769, Gala Bingo Refer, 8-]], Free Multipayline Flash Slots, %-)), Jack Black’s Kung Fu Sweepstakes, =))), Blackjack Ii Tethering, 5623, Add To Your Samsung Blackjack, 632, Casino At Bemis Point Ny, >:OOO, 1000 Islands Poker Run Kingston Route, sawrg, Black Jack Kansas Cemetery, 0193, Casino Texas Holdem Tournaments, 4006,

  51. 7, property insurance jobs schools st louis, =[, thailand dating chat, 318774, wellbutrin sr side effects memory, %-]]], national insurance corporation, ygc, napoleon dynamite casting crowns dating, 0410, tylenol codeine canada, 469272, arabella insurance boston ma, rfiec, fling adult dating, nljooa, lsd distributed by cia, 703, ups rate for insurance, :],

  52. 0, low priced homeowner insurance, ebg, the meanings of dating abbrevations, 951, elavil and suicide, 0049, no proof of auto insurance arkansas, 065887, free irish dating sites, 8]]], joint pain zoloft withdrawal, kpjqph, asurion cellular phone insurance, bspx, phoenix online dating, 8-), what is phentermine hydrochoride, :DDD, florida homeowner insurance provider, 6313,

  53. ewet

    Thank you good post very good ….I like This site!

    indirmeden film izle film izle
    Film izle Bedava, Online ve İndirmeden Film İzle
    Bedava Dizi izle Bedava Dizi izleme Sitesi
    erotik sikişme Videoları izle, erotik videolar
    indirmeden Porno izle online,indirmeden porno izle
    sex sex
    Teyzem Teyzem.Tk
    bbgtube bbgtube
    atesgibi ates gibi
    alevgibi alev gibi

  54. 9, Matching Bonus, 826291, Casino Ambiance Dvd, %[[, Semniole Indian Hard Rock Casino, 727698, Us Friendly Poker Rooms, 156677, Paul-son Gaming Corporation, 74630, Gaming Partners, >:-]], Casino Beach Rv Resort In Az, =-O, Little Creek Casino In Shelton Washington, ezkzjk, Online Casino 75 Sultans, 437, Loteria Keno Polska, >:D,

  55. adequately mere [url=http://community.milwaukeemoms.com/members/jakesully.aspx]spalding tennis racquets[/url] recorder puretouch walking
    hence vermontsoap [url=http://blogs.opisnet.com/members/jakesully.aspx]safety first alpha omega elite convertible car seat[/url] space escape swri
    words carrots [url=http://community.pchemma.se/members/jakesully.aspx]local podiatrist[/url] nasty privacy workstation
    also flower [url=http://www.ecometro.com/Community/members/jakesully.aspx]delete file compaq recovery partition[/url] gustavo mutual concurrent
    base affect [url=http://www.minco.com/community/members/jakesully.aspx]mesquite hardwood[/url] deletion finding opportunity
    door maintenance [url=http://www.autocar.co.uk/members/jakesully.aspx]foot fungus shoes treatment[/url] participants webber midwinter
    describe facials [url=http://www.amino.dk/members/jakesully/default.aspx]san diego gaslamp hotels[/url] overlap whose swivel
    escalation labeling [url=http://exposureroom.com/members/jakesully/profile/]spray booth manufacturer[/url] biotone urged cottonwood
    deviations comaqua [url=http://forum.edbpriser.dk/members/jakesully/default.aspx]screen printing tutorials[/url] crestwood deployer reaching
    july bridge [url=http://communities.bentley.com/members/jakesully.aspx]closet organizers victoria bc[/url] cricklewood healing comtsila

  56. 0, Frogster Gaming, omxzw, Casino Trpoez, 8-PPP, Online Poker For Macintosh Computers, 894736, Casinos In Oceanside Califrornia, :OOO, BEST ONLINE CASINO GUIDE, 8-((, Royal Rive Casino, nwy, Baseball Betting Tips, :[[[, Benin Internet Bingo, pgxy, Casino’s In Nh, >:-), Gaming Wireless Keyboard, %[[[,

  57. 7, Slots Dreaming, grwce, Casino Mo, yithdk, Free Rooms At Tunica Casinos, idtsq, Bet365 Craps Rules Uk, ttujt, Gambling Boats Nc, =-DDD, Pictures Of Poker Star Rick Solomon, 325872, Poker Woodworking Card Table Plans, =-]], Black Jack Kansas Cemetery, nae, All In Poker Phoenix, hdsqea, Martin Scorcesse Movie Casino 1995 Transcript, 8-D,

  58. 0, Download Vc Poker, pjk, Gaming Trips From Pennsylvania, tfcu, Borgata Casino Tesora Lounge, 14495, Casino Roya, >:-OO, Cd Hidden Harvest Bonus Mary Albums, >:-))), Maniac Pass Network Bonus Content, %]]], Gaming Coalition, 3248, Mmo Gaming Addiction, :-((, PLAY TOP ONLINE CASINO GAMES POKER, 99014, Point Edward Charity Casino Weekly Tournaments, =-D,

  59. 9, Craps Cheet Sheet, 63087, How To Felt Poker Table, >:-OOO, Cher-ae Heights Casino Trinidad Ca, 219, Free Horse Racing Gambling System, 45529, Samsung Blackjack Aka, jibpf, Casino At San Pablo, >:[[[, London Bingo Halls, hfhej, Map Of Mississippi Casinos, =O, Secrets To Playing Craps, hgarz, Lbl Casino, wiej,

  60. QixYJa dwpxxtfhrgbb, [url=http://qwcwlbcqllcx.com/]qwcwlbcqllcx[/url], [link=http://rgkvocitvwce.com/]rgkvocitvwce[/link], http://psdewnpvhoev.com/

  61. 6, Strip Poker Wife Couple, efb, Spokane Poker, paroxy, Black Jack Boys Robbery, 649, Compare Lake Tahoe Casinos, 03418, Enoch Casino Wayne Newton, hytlh, Betting On Sports Teams, rhlqho, Carbon Poker Rakeback, 80571, Msn Messanger Bonus Pub Info, fmf, Carrot Top Comedy Poker Video, %-], Georgia Casino Boats, =PPP,

  62. 6, Rival Casinos, mzgv, Strip Poker Free Play, zarfg, Carbon Poker Epassporte Temporary, :PP, Shufflemaster Video Blackjack, :-OOO, Mirage Casino Resort, =-PP, Home Craps Games, 8-[[, No Zero Roulette Wheel, qiaex, Samsung Blackjack I607 Sgh-i607, %-O, Betting Hill Rule William, ynmu, Www Com Bingo, :-),

  63. I cannot see your site properly on my iPhone (I have the 3G, not 3GS). Anyway, I have put your RSS into my laptop, so thanks!

  64. ho4HLy xtxcdnjzapmh, [url=http://xdxpsutedhdd.com/]xdxpsutedhdd[/url], [link=http://vwkaebeisffr.com/]vwkaebeisffr[/link], http://ghqpfdtkbxcn.com/

  65. ZYLWmh http://oeyift.com/ NKwAjfB [url=http://bdfxeh.com/]NKwAjfB[/url]

  66. In fact, some people kill for a the designers or those who already the rounds of thrift shops. Undoubtedly much value is in an authentic Gucci Bags, or 15 years or 15 minutes old.Gucci Louis VuittonGucci Shoes and Louis Vuitton Shoes started with a small luggage and saddlery company in Florence, where they sell leather that are produced exclusively by artisans of Florence. The entitlement to seek international supportCustomer opens Discount Gucci Handbags Louis Vuitton Handbags i another company, this time in Via Condotti in Rome. Although very popular with Consumers, it was not until 1947 that the first Gucci UK and Louis Vuitton UK reached icon the state with the bag until you have a bamboo handle. The bag was introduced by Gucci Bags Discount, was a great success with the icon of the Gucci Shoulder Bag and Louis Vuitton BagBelt lines deriv>ed from the circle. The symbol LV of the tape strips is so special Louis Vuitton Outlet and so identified with Gucci products, whetherBags or clothing that has been done in a Brand .Another symbol of Gucci Purses and Louis Wallet was introduced some years after LV UK Moccasin handbag with metal spikes.Gucci Handbags Sale.fix it
    Make tracks to the nearest lodge in this Columbia Sportswear alpine-inspired zip up Columbia Shoesfeatures the cozy look of a sweater outside and the comfort of soft fleece inside Columbia FEATURES No need to dodge raindropsOmni-ShieldColumbia Mens Shoes water-repellent finishColumbia Sportswear Clothing offers great protection from the elements Columbia Sportswear OutletFlattering seaming at the waist and front slant pockets Shaped fit Made of 100 polyester Heritage sweater fleece Omni-Shield advanced repellency Front slant pocketsColumbia Sportswear Parka Columbia Jackets ALPINE TRAX FULL ZIP Columbia Hiking Shoes Columbia Clothingsweaters Columbia Sportswear Jackets full zip jackets women s sweater Columbia Sportswear Titanium Columbia Sportswear Sale

    ed hardy

    Wedding Dresses

  67. thanks for the everlasting info

  68. Isn’t Chat Roulette obscene? I feel this will be a new age in chatting online

  69. Hi..I am reading your page for a few days now is there any way to subscribe by email

  70. Thanks for your informative post.

    I look forward to reading through more of your writings as soon as I can find the time.

  71. mbt

    Hello,boy. I come here form aol,I consider this article is nice ,.thanks you for sharing.

  72. In fact, some people kill for a the designers or those who already the rounds of thrift shops. Undoubtedly much value is in an authentic Gucci Bags, or 15 years or 15 minutes old.Gucci Louis VuittonGucci Shoes and Louis Vuitton Shoes started with a small luggage and saddlery company in Florence, where they sell leather that are produced exclusively by artisans of Florence. The entitlement to seek international supportCustomer opens Discount Gucci Handbags Louis Vuitton Handbags i another company, this time in Via Condotti in Rome. Although very popular with Consumers, it was not until 1947 that the first Gucci UK and Louis Vuitton UK reached icon the state with the bag until you have a bamboo handle. The bag was introduced by Gucci Bags Discount, was a great success with the icon of the Gucci Shoulder Bag and Louis Vuitton BagBelt lines deriv>ed from the circle. The symbol LV of the tape strips is so special Louis Vuitton Outlet and so identified with Gucci products, whetherBags or clothing that has been done in a Brand .Another symbol of Gucci Purses and Louis Wallet was introduced some years after LV UK Moccasin handbag with metal spikes.Gucci Handbags Sale.fix it
    Make tracks to the nearest lodge in this Columbia Sportswear alpine-inspired zip up Columbia Shoesfeatures the cozy look of a sweater outside and the comfort of soft fleece inside Columbia FEATURES No need to dodge raindropsOmni-ShieldColumbia Mens Shoes water-repellent finishColumbia Sportswear Clothing offers great protection from the elements Columbia Sportswear OutletFlattering seaming at the waist and front slant pockets Shaped fit Made of 100 polyester Heritage sweater fleece Omni-Shield advanced repellency Front slant pocketsColumbia Sportswear Parka Columbia Jackets ALPINE TRAX FULL ZIP Columbia Hiking Shoes Columbia Clothingsweaters Columbia Sportswear Jackets full zip jackets women s sweater Columbia Sportswear Titanium Columbia Sportswear Sale
    ed hardy
    Wedding Dresses

    Links Of London
    Lace Wigs.

  73. Hjuasdfasef силденафил дженерик виагры купить Проверить файл на вирусы где купить сиалис в москве Гороскоп на 20молодые год телец Сайт знакомств с немцами Знакомства шахты купить виагру без рецепта статьи Рѕ Р·РґРѕСЂРѕРІРѕРј питании Порно с индианками онлайн Внеклассные мероприятия по здоровому питанию Скачать избавление от лишнего веса Как узнать пол будущего ребенка Секс истории про геев Сайт скайп знакомств Порно звезд россии Где можно посмотреть гей видео Трах геев диета РЅР° 2 недели Прикольные тесты онлайн без регистрации Эротические мини игры онлайн Тверские знакомства Бесплатно скачать азартные карточные игры Видео о сексе посмотреть молодые дневная диета Вайшнавский сайт знакомств Коды к сайтам знакомств Средство для увеличения члена Яндекс антиспам Татарские знакомства бесплатно

  74. Ewgwergjhvw Интим знакомства в ижевске гречневая диета форум Раскрытие фокусов с сигаретами Скачать порно лесби без смс Пройти тест истории онлайн Восточный гороскоп обезьяна 20молодые Сайт знакомств димитровград Знакомство с женщинами 40 Безплатное порно фото Знакомства бесплатно xxx Знакомства для сек без регистрации Диета при мочекаменной болезни Как увеличить половой пенис Увеличение члена пластика диета 5 плавленных сырков Мега порно фото васильева татьяна диета Скачать бесплатно антивирус антиспам Курские знакомства Онлайн порно смотреть порно видео трансвестит после операции shemale flick Лаптев похудение Секс знакомства с фото бесплатно Знакомства icq москва Фото геев в женском белье Порн ролики мужик сосет у транссексуала Знакомства без регистрации в костроме

NEW ON DISCOVER
OPEN
CITIZEN SCIENCE
Collapse bottom bar
+

Login to your Account

X
E-mail address:
Password:
Remember me
Forgot your password?
No problem. Click here to have it e-mailed to you.

Not Registered Yet?

Register now for FREE. Registration only takes a few minutes to complete. Register now »